About Diseases & Remedies
The liver is the second largest organ in our body. It processes what you eat and drink into energy and nutrients your body can use. The liver also removes harmful substances from our blood. Alcohol can damage or destroy liver cells. The liver breaks down alcohol so it can be removed from the body. Your liver can become injured or seriously damaged if you drink more alcohol than it can process. There are three main types of alcohol-related liver disease: fatty liver disease, alcoholic hepatitis, and alcoholic cirrhosis.
  • Fatty liver disease
  • Fatty liver disease is the buildup of extra fat in liver cells. It is the earliest stage of alcohol-related liver disease.
    Symptoms
    There are usually no symptoms. If symptoms do occur, they may include fatigue, weakness, and weight loss. Almost all heavy drinkers have fatty liver disease. However, if they stop drinking, fatty liver disease will usually go away.
  • Alcoholic hepatitis
  • Alcoholic hepatitis causes the liver to swell and become damaged. Alcoholic hepatitis can be mild or severe. If it is mild, liver damage may be reversed. If it is severe, it may occur suddenly and quickly lead to serious complications including liver failure and death.
    Symptoms
    Symptoms may include loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, fever and jaundice. Up to 35 percent of heavy drinkers develop alcoholic hepatitis.
  • Alcoholic cirrhosis
  • Alcoholic cirrhosis is the scarring of the liver -- hard scar tissue replaces soft healthy tissue. It is the most serious type of alcohol-related liver disease. The damage from cirrhosis cannot be reversed and can cause liver failure. Not drinking alcohol can help prevent further damage. It is marked by inflammation (swelling), fibrosis (cellular hardening) and damaged membranes preventing detoxification of chemicals in the body, ending in scarring and necrosis (cell death.)
    Symptoms
    Symptoms include jaundice (yellowing of skin), weight loss, liver enlargement, pain, tenderness and structural changes in damaged liver architecture. Late complications of cirrhosis or liver failure include portal hypertension (high blood pressure related to kidney problems), blood clotting is impaired, ascites (heavy abdominal swelling due to build up of fluids in the tissues), etc.
General Treatment
Blood test is done to evaluate the liver function. Liver biopsy may be done to look for any liver cell abnormalities. The first treatment of alcohol-induced liver disease is cessation of alcohol consumption. This is the only way to reverse liver damage or prevent liver injury from worsening. A calorie-rich diet is Suggested to help the liver in its regeneration process. Dietary fat must be reduced because fat interferes with alcohol metabolism. The diet is usually supplemented with vitamins and dietary minerals. Individuals in advanced stages have an option for liver transplant. Additional medications or therapy is required in case of any associated complications.
Home Remedies
Prepare a mixture of carrot and spinach juice in the ratio of 1:1. Take a glass of this juice everyday for at least 3-4 weeks. This is beneficial in liver cirrhosis cases.
Prepare a mixture of honey and Bhringraj. Add two teaspoons each of juice of Bhringraj and honey. This should be taken two times in a day.
Diet
Depending on the degree of cirrhosis, some people might not have enough of the key minerals and fat-soluble vitamins (which are vitamins K, A, D, and E) that the body requires. However a balanced diet should easily provide these essential nutrients. Alcohol and high fat foods should be strictly avoided. Fruits and vegetables provide your body with important vitamins and minerals such as vitamin C, vitamin A, folate and potassium. However choose high calorie fruits like dried fruits to maximize your calorie intake. Healthy dairy food like low fat milk and low fat yogurt should provide you with the required calories. To maximize your nutrient intake, choose more whole-grain breads, grains and starches, which contain more fiber and natural vitamins and minerals. Healthy choices include whole wheat bread, whole grain pasta, brown rice, whole grain cereal, etc. A salt restricted diet may be necessary in some cases.
Lifestyle
Take complete bed rest. In case of swelling in the legs, relax and put up your feet (Put a pillow beneath the legs). Gravity helps to pull fluid down into your feet and legs. This will help reduce the swelling and relieve some of the pain in swollen legs and feet.
Yoga
Sarvangasana (Shoulder Stand Pose)
Matsyasana (Fish Pose)
SUGGESTED PRODUCTS
Livad Capsules
100 Capsules in a Carton
Liver Care
Rs. 445.00
add to cart
Livad Syrup
200ml Bottle
Liver Care
Rs. 110.00
add to cart
Alopecia means loss of hair from the head or body, but is particularly noticeable when it affects the scalp. Hair loss including damage to the hair shaft or follicles can be caused by different reasons. Fungal infection is one of the main reasons of hair loss.
The other reasons may include:
  • Aging.
  • Genetics.
  • Illness.
  • Some medications (such as chemotherapy).
  • Malnutrition.
  • Oversensitivity to the hormone testosterone.
  • Autoimmune disorder (alopecia areata).
General Treatment
A variety of treatments are used based on the severity of the hair loss. Scarred areas can be treated with the help of anti-fungal or corticosteroid drugs. Steroid injections, creams or shampoos containing clobetasol or minoxidil are Suggested. Minoxidil should be applied twice daily (under medical supervision).Topical immunotherapy in autoimmune disorders is given in combination with other medications. In severe alopecia, biopsy of affected skin is advised to know the underlying cause.
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
Corticosteroid
Helpful in Inflammatory conditions
Skin Thinning on long term use
Immunotherapy
Enhances body's immune system to fight disease and foreign invaders.
Itching and irritation around the injected area. Some individuals may suffer from swelling of the throat, lowered blood pressure and wheezing.
Home Remedies
Massage aloe gel or coconut milk into hair and scalp. Leave for 30 minutes and then rinse with warm water. Repeat this treatment 3 times per week.
Mix honey together with an egg yolk then massage into scalp and hair. Leave for half an hour and then rinse.
Diet
Your diet influences your physical stamina and energy levels. If most of your diet consists of sugary soft drinks, alcohol, crisps, sandwiches and chocolate, the body has a very difficult job trying to keep functioning smoothly.
A big problem for most people is that they are dehydrated because they don't drink enough water. In order to function properly, the body needs to be replenished with water throughout the day. The body functions because electrical impulses are sent through the network of nerve fibers which in turn trigger the activity of many organs and glands. In order to relay information efficiently, these electrical impulses need water as a conductor. Water also helps all the organs in the body work more efficiently by lubricating the digestive tract and detoxifying the body – two very important processes if you suffer from hair loss!
Another problem is sugar. If you eat lots of simple carbohydrates (sugars) such as sugar, honey, milk, wheat flour and white rice, you encourage your pancreas to go into insulin overdrive. If this happens on a regular basis, the body becomes incapable of utilizing the insulin efficiently. The body responds by putting out even more insulin, and this produces a hormonal imbalance which ultimately can have a detrimental effect on hair growth in both men and women.
Lifestyle
Stressful job or any situation can contribute to hair loss. It may be important to learn proper coping skills and stress management techniques. Avoid twisting and pulling your hair. It can cause excessive and unnecessary damage. The excessive use of chemicals and hair colors can damage the hair follicles. Hence, this should also be avoided.
Yoga
Sarvangasana (Shoulder Stand Pose)
Halasana (Plough Pose)
Shirsasana (Head Stand)
SUGGESTED PRODUCTS
Vivis Gel
100 gm Jar
Men Care
Rs. 125.00
add to cart
Vivis Oil
200ml Bottle
Men Care
Rs. 225.00
add to cart
It is the most common form of dementia. Alzheimer's is a progressive disease, where dementia symptoms gradually worsen over a number of years. It is the destruction and death of nerve cells which results into memory failure, personality changes and difficulty carrying day to day activities. In its early stages, memory loss is mild, but with late-stage Alzheimer's, individuals lose the ability to carry on a conversation and respond to their environment.
Symptoms
Stage 1 (Mild)
This stage can last from 2 to 4 years. They exhibit minor memory loss and mood swings, and are slow to learn and react. They may have difficulty performing routine tasks, and have trouble communicating and understanding written material. If the person is employed, memory loss may begin to affect job performance. Some specific symptoms:-
  • Difficulty managing money and paying bills
  • Repetitive questions and conversations
  • Taking longer than usual to finish routine daily tasks
  • Losing things or misplacing them in odd places
Stage 2 (Moderate)
This is generally the longest stage and can last 2 to 10 years. In this stage, the person with Alzheimer’s is clearly becoming disabled. Individuals can still perform simple tasks independently, but may need assistance with more complicated activities. They forget recent events and their personal history, and become more disoriented and disconnected from reality. Speech problems arise and understanding, reading and writing becomes more difficult. As Alzheimer’s patients become aware of this loss of control, they may become depressed, irritable and restless.
Stage 3 (Severe)
This stage may last 1 to 3 years. During this final stage, people may lose the ability to feed themselves, speak, recognize people and control bodily functions, such as swallowing or bowel and bladder control. In a weakened physical state, patients may become vulnerable to other illnesses, skin infections, and respiratory problems, particularly when they are unable to move around.
General Treatment
No treatment has been proven to stop Alzheimer’s disease (AD). But drugs such as donepezil and rivastigmine may help maintain cognitive abilities and help control other associated symptoms for a few months to a few years. Other medicines may ease the behavioral symptoms of AD—sleeplessness, agitation, wandering, anxiety, anger, and depression. Treating these symptoms often makes patients more comfortable and makes their care easier for caregivers. Eventually, full-time care may be necessary, either at home or in nursing home. caring for a person who has Alzheimer’s disease is often stressful, and many caregivers need practical and emotional support, especially if the affected person starts to become hostile and aggressive.
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
Rivastigmine
Used to treat confusion, improve memory and awareness.
Nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite and tremors may occur in the initial period of treatment.
Donepezil
Restores the balance of neurotransmitters in the brain.
Diarrhea, dizziness, muscle cramps, etc may occur as the body adjusts to the drug.
Lifestyle
Regular exercise has known benefits for heart health and may also help prevent cognitive decline. There's some evidence that exercise may also help improve mood in those with Alzheimer's. Social engagement and intellectual stimulation may make life more satisfying and help preserve mental function.
SUGGESTED PRODUCT
Neurotip Capsules
10*10 Capsules in a Carton
Neuro Care
Rs. 500.00
add to cart
Amenorrhea is the absence of menstrual bleeding and may be primary or secondary. In primary amenorrhea, menstrual periods have never begun (till age 14-16). Secondary amenorrhea is the absence of menstrual bleeding in a woman who had been menstruating previously, but later stopped menstruating for 3 or more months in the absence of pregnancy, lactation (the ability to breastfeed), cycle suppression with systemic hormonal contraceptive (birth control pills), or menopause. The normal menstrual cycle occurs because of changing levels of hormones made and secreted by the ovaries. The ovaries respond to hormonal signals from the pituitary gland located at the base of the brain, which, in turn, is controlled by hormones produced in the hypothalamus of the brain. Disorders that affect any component of this regulatory cycle can lead to amenorrhea. A number of conditions can affect the hypothalamus such as:-
  • Extreme weight loss,
  • Emotional or physical stress,
  • Rigorous exercise, and
  • Severe illness.
Primary amenorrhea is a characteristic feature of delayed puberty, and may be caused by a chromosomal abnormality. The failure of menstrual periods to start at puberty may also be due to a condition in which the hymen (the thin membrane over the vagina) has no opening, and menstrual blood cannot leave the body. In rare cases, the uterus is absent from birth, and therefore no menstruation occurs.
Secondary amenorrhea may be due to the tumors or other diseases of the pituitary gland, hypothyroidism, polycystic ovarian syndrome or early menopause.
General Treatment
Treatment of both primary and secondary amenorrhea is determined by the precise cause of the amenorrhea. Treatment goals can be to relieve symptoms of hormonal imbalance, to establish menstruation, prevent complications associated with amenorrhea, and/or to achieve fertility. Amenorrhea that occurs at any other time should be investigated. Your doctor will examine you and may do a pregnancy test. You may also need to do blood tests to measure the hormone levels, ultrasound scanning of the ovaries and uterus, and ct scanning of the pituitary gland. Surgery may be suggested in case of any anatomical abnormality (typically primary amenorrhea). Hypothalamic amenorrhea that is related to weight loss, excessive exercise, physical illness, or emotional stress can typically be corrected by addressing the underlying cause. Hormone replacement therapy is the common drug treatment suggested for amenorrhea.
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
Hormone replacement therapy
Results in the start of menstrual flow.
May give rise to complications such as obesity, cancer, heart disease and stroke.
Diet
Dietary correction is crucial for treating amenorrhea and is primarily focused at correcting the nutritional deficiency. Iron deficiency anemia is most important cause of amenorrhea. Including iron rich foods like sea foods, soy beans, green leafy vegetables like spinach, broccoli, etc. Weight management is crucial in managing amenorrhea. If you are overweight, avoid going for a crash diet but rather follow a more realistic diet plan, as a crash diet may further result in nutritional deficiencies which in turn can amplify the problem of amenorrhea. Avoid high fat foods including cheese, butter, oils, etc. Include foods rich in dietary fiber, to aid the process of weight loss. Underweight individuals should gain healthy weight. Include healthy foods that are high in protein content but low in fats. White of the egg, low fat dairy products, legumes, cereals, pulses, fish, etc provide essential nutrients which help in weight gain in a healthy way.
Lifestyle
Some lifestyle factors can cause amenorrhea, so strive for balance in work, recreation and rest. Assess areas of stress and conflict in your life. Smoking may contribute to amenorrhea and hence it should be avoided.
Yoga
Padmasana (Lotus Pose)
Halasana (Plough Pose)
Dhanurasana (Bow Pose)
Bhujangasana (Cobra Pose)
Among the many blood related disorders people suffer from, anemia is a significant one. In this disorder, the blood hemoglobin count falls below the regular level.
This hemoglobin molecule performs the task of carrying oxygen in the body. It stays in the red blood cells. When a person turns anemic, his body tissue gets lesser amount of oxygen. The consequence is tiredness, fatigue and other complications in due course of time. Red blood cells are manufactured in the bone marrow. The normal duration of circulation of RBC's in the blood stream is about 120 days before they are broken down in the spleen. In healthy person, the production and destruction of red blood cells is balanced. Anemia occurs if this balance is disturbed.
To produce hemoglobin, iron is required. The deficiency of iron is the most dominant factor that causes anemia. The other cause of anemia is inherited abnormalities of hemoglobin production. Sickle Cell anemia and Thalassemia are its examples. Aplastic anemia is caused by failure of bone marrow to produce enough red cells. The production of other blood cells is also affected. Sudden blood loss or an improper diet also results in anemia.
Symptoms
People suffering from anaemia often do not show any prominent symptoms for a long time. However, they often complain of weakness, lethargy, dizziness, etc. More severe form of anaemia includes symptoms like shortness of breath, palpitations and pale skin.
General Treatment
The treatment for anaemia is usually dependent on cause. Blood tests are done to measure the level of hemoglobin. In severe cases, bone marrow aspiration and biopsy may be carried out to ascertain the exact cause of anaemia. In iron deficiency anaemia, iron supplements and proper diet can prove to be beneficial. In severe cases, blood transfusion may be required.
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
Iron Supplements
Important mineral that produces red blood cells.
Constipation, diarrhea or stomach upset may occur.
Home Remedies
Almonds act as a channel in the synthesis of hemoglobin. Almonds are, therefore, a helpful medicine for anemia. Six to seven almonds should be drenched in water, overnight. The thin red skin is peeled off and grounded to form a paste. This paste may be eaten once every day in the morning for three months.
Diet
Go for a diet rich in iron, sesame seeds, almonds, dairy products, Amla, Spinach, Soya beans, Radish, Carrot, Tomato, Blackberries, Bananas and Apple.
Lifestyle
Enjoy sun-bathing as the sunlight stimulates the production of red blood cells.
Yoga
Sarvangasana (Shoulder Stand)
Shavasana (Corpse Pose)
Paschimotthanasana (Posterior Stretch)
SUGGESTED PRODUCTS
Hemac Capsules
10*10 Capsules in a Carton
Women Care
Rs. 480.00
add to cart
Hemac Syrup
200ml Bottle
Women Care
Rs. 95.00
add to cart
Ankylosing spondylitis is a form of chronic inflammation of the spine and the sacroiliac joints. The sacroiliac joint is located in the lower back where the sacrum (the bone directly above the tailbone) meets the iliac bones (bones on either side of the upper buttocks). Chronic inflammation in this area causes pain and stiffness in and around the spine. Over time, chronic inflammation of the spine can lead to a complete cementing together (fusion) of the vertebrae, a process referred to as ankylosis. Ankylosis leads to loss of mobility of the spine.
The tendency to develop ankylosing spondylitis is believed to be genetically inherited, and a majority of people with ankylosing spondylitis are born with a gene known as the HLA-B27 gene.
Symptoms
The symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis vary greatly from person to person. Although it appears in late adolescence or early adulthood, the symptoms can also occur in children.
Typically, the first symptoms are frequent pain and stiffness in the lower back and buttocks. Initially, discomfort may only be felt on one side. The pain is usually dull and diffuse, rather than localized. This pain and stiffness is usually worse in the mornings and during the night, but may be improved by a warm shower or light exercise. There may be accompanying fatigue, mild fever and loss of appetite. If left untreated, the pain normally becomes chronic and is felt on both sides. The stiffness and pain can spread up the spine and into the neck. In later stages, ankylosing spondylitis can distort the spine, resulting in a stooped posture. In some cases, joints between the ribs and spine are affected leading to restricted chest expansion.
General Treatment
A physical examination and an X-Ray help the doctor to diagnose the disease. Blood test is done to look for the presence of HLA- B27 and to measure the level of inflammation. Treatment aims are to control pain, maintain maximum skeletal flexibility and prevent spinal deformity.
Drug therapy includes the use of non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs and corticosteroid drugs. These are used to relieve pain and stiffness. Regular physiotherapy including breathing exercise is helpful in improving posture, strengthen muscles and prevent spinal deformities. If hip joint is severely affected, it has to be replaced surgically.
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
Non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs
They reduce inflammation, pain and fever.
May increase the risk of bleeding, ulcer formation and perforation of the stomach or intestines.
Corticosteroid drugs
They decrease inflammation by reducing the activity of the immune system.
Long term use is associated with mood changes, excess hair growth, water retention, muscle weakness, skin thinning, etc.
Diet
Fresh, natural yoghurt is a good source of acidophilus bacteria which is needed to maintain a healthy bowel and digestive system, especially if you suffer from bloating, flatulence and generally poor digestion, an acidophilus supplement may be beneficial. Ginger root has known anti-inflammatory effects and can be included in both cooking and fresh juices. The diet should be low in saturated fats, so avoid fatty and fried foods, commercial pastries, and chocolate. Omega-3 Foods rich in silicon can be beneficial for arthritis sufferers. These include wholegrain cereals, hard nuts, seeds and apple. Foods high in Vitamin C e.g., apples, pears, berries, etc may help to maintain healthy connective tissue. Avoid acid forming foods such as red meat and sugar as these may also promote inflammation. Tea and coffee, especially when taken with meals, can interfere with the absorption of nutrients. Joint inflammation may be aggravated by certain groups of food such as potato, tomato and peppers.
Lifestyle
Smoking is generally bad for your health, but it creates additional problems for people with ankylosing spondylitis. Depending on the severity of the condition, ankylosing spondylitis can affect the mobility of your rib cage. Damaging your lungs by smoking can further compromise your ability to breathe. A hot bath or shower relieves pain and stiffness. An ice pack may be helpful in case of any inflammation.
Yoga
Pawanamuktasana (Wind Releasing Posture)
Vrikshasana (Tree Pose)
Vajrasana (Diamond Pose)
Bhujangasana (Cobra Pose)
SUGGESTED PRODUCTS
Flex Imac Capsules
100 Capsules in a Carton.
Bone & Joint Care
Rs. 445.00
add to cart
Flex Imac Forte Capsules
50 Capsules in a Carton
Bone & Joint Care
Rs. 400.00
add to cart
Flex Imac Gel
50 gm
Bone & Joint Care
Rs. 110.00
add to cart
Flex-Imac Oil
50 ml
Bone & Joint Care
Rs. 80.00
add to cart
Anxiety is a normal reaction to fear and danger. Mild anxiety is a normal phenomenon whereas severe anxiety can have serious impact on daily activities. Mild anxiety helps us to stay alert and encourages us to look for solutions. People often experience nervousness, stress and fear before facing some challenging work like test, examination or an interview. Anxiety is considered a disorder only when it interferes with the individual’s ability to sleep and perform other routine functions. Poor bonding between a child and the parents may be a cause of developing anxiety. The other reasons may be: - death of a close relative or a friend, important test or an interview, etc.
Symptoms
It is characterized by excessive worry and fear about non specific events and situations. Combinations of emotional and physical symptoms are observed in an individual.
The main symptoms are:
  • Feeling of restlessness and irritability,
  • Lack of concentration,
  • Unable to sleep,
  • Sweating and shortness of breath,
  • Frequent urination or diarrhea.
General Treatment
It is important to seek professional help when stress and fear are causing extreme distress or disrupting the routine activities. Benzodiazepines are generally prescribed. They are also called "tranquilizers" and make the individual feel calm and relaxed. Beta blocker drugs are also prescribed to treat the physical symptoms of anxiety. Individuals suffering from anxiety are encouraged to participate in Cognitive behavior therapy. Individuals learn to recognize and change thought patterns that lead to nervousness and fear. They are encouraged to control their breathing during the attacks.
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
Benzodiazepines
Used to relieve nervousness and tension. Also used for relaxing skeletal muscles.
Some patients may experience sedative effects of drowsiness, decreased mental sharpness, slurring of speech, etc.
Beta Blocker
Used to enhance performance and reduce stammering.
Patients may experience nausea, diarrhea, hypotension, insomnia, dizziness, etc.
Home Remedies
Eat 2 cups celery, onions, or a mixture of the two, raw or cooked, with your meals for a week or two. Both vegetables contain large amounts of potassium and folic acid, deficiencies of which can cause nervousness.
Soak 10 raw almonds overnight in water to soften and then peel off the skins. Put almonds in blender with 1 cup warm milk, a pinch of ginger, and a pinch of nutmeg. Drink at night to help you relax before going to bed.
Diet
Healthy, whole foods diet with plenty of fresh vegetables and fruits should be tried. Try and include foods that are rich in the B vitamins, such as whole grains, nuts, green vegetables, eggs and fish. To help lift moods and help calm anxiety, keep away from processed foods and eat more natural products. Although drinking alcohol seems to have a calming effect in short term, it dehydrates the body, leaving you feel more anxious than ever. Avoid fizzy drinks loaded with sugar, instead drink plenty of water.
Lifestyle
Getting regular sleep and physical exercise can improve your mood and give you more energy for dealing with daily stress. Alcohol, tobacco, caffeine and other substances should be avoided as they can interfere with judgment, physiological processes and decision making. Engaging in meaningful work can be an excellent anxiety buffer. Learn to control your thoughts. You need to learn some self discipline and control over your feelings, and you also need to develop emotional and mental detachment. Start the day with several minutes of positive affirmations. Be busy, do something. By doing something you keep your mind off your anxiety. Set a goal and work every day to achieve it. Exercising is a good way to keep your fears from overwhelming you.
Yoga
Suryanamaskar (Sun Salute)
Kapalbhati
Pranayam
Shavasana (Corpse Pose)
Sarvangasana (Shoulder Stand)
Halasana (Plough Pose)
SUGGESTED PRODUCTS
Cerepo Capsules
100 Capsules in a Carton
Neuro Care
Rs. 460.00
add to cart
Cerepo Syrup
200ml Bottle
Neuro Care
Rs. 110.00
add to cart
Asthma is an inflammatory disorder of the airways, which causes attacks of wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and coughing. Asthma is caused by inflammation in the airways. When an asthma attack occurs, the muscles surrounding the airways become tight and the lining of the air passages swells. This reduces the amount of air that can pass by.
In sensitive people, asthma symptoms can be triggered by breathing in allergy-causing substances (called allergens or triggers).
Common asthma triggers include:
  • Animals (pet hair)
  • Dust
  • Changes in weather (most often cold weather)
  • Chemicals in the air or in food
  • Exercise
  • Pollen
  • Respiratory infections, such as the common cold
  • Strong emotions (stress)
  • Tobacco smoke
Aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) provoke asthma in some patients. Asthma is associated with mast cells, eosinophils, and T lymphocytes. Mast cells are the allergy-causing cells that release chemicals like histamine. Histamine is the substance that causes nasal stuffiness. Eosinophil is a type of white blood cell associated with allergic disease. T lymphocytes are also white blood cells associated with allergy and inflammation.
These cells, along with other inflammatory cells, are involved in the development of airway inflammation in asthma that contributes to the airway hyper responsiveness, airflow limitation, respiratory symptoms, and chronic disease. In certain individuals, the inflammation results in the feelings of chest tightness and breathlessness that's felt often at night (nocturnal asthma) or in the early morning hours. Others only feel symptoms when they exercise (called exercise-induced asthma).
Symptoms
Most people with asthma have attacks separated by symptom-free periods. Some people have long-term shortness of breath with episodes of increased shortness of breath.
The main symptoms are: - Shortness of breath, Tightness of chest, Wheezing, Excessive coughing that keeps the person awake at night.
Emergency Symptoms
Bluish color to lips and face, extreme difficulty breathing, rapid pulse, severe anxiety, sweating, etc.
General Treatment
The main goal of treatment is to avoid the substances that trigger the symptoms and control airway inflammation. There are two basic kinds of medication for treating asthma:
  • Control drugs to prevent attacks
  • Quick-relief drugs for use during attacks.
The most common control drugs are:
  • Inhaled corticosteroids prevent symptoms by helping to keep your airways from swelling up.
  • Long-acting beta-agonist inhalers also help prevent asthma symptoms. These drugs are generally used together with an inhaled steroid drug.
Quick-relief drugs include:
  • Short-acting bronchodilators (inhalers) or oral steroids (corticosteroids).
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
Corticosteroids
They decrease inflammation by reducing the activity of the immune system.
Long term use is associated with mood changes, excess hair growth, water retention, muscle weakness, skin thinning, etc.
Beta Agonists
These drugs relax the muscles within the airway, thus making breathing easier.
The drug may cause rapid heartbeat and hence individuals with hypertension and heart disease should be closely monitored.
Leukotriene Inhibitors
They block the action or production of chemicals which cause inflammation.
Possible side effects may include rash, dizziness, diarrhea, vomiting, etc.
Home Remedies
A teaspoon of fresh ginger juice, mixed with a cup of fenugreek decoction and honey to taste, acts as a brilliant expectorant in cases of asthma. The decoction of fenugreek can be made by addition of one tablespoon of fenugreek seeds in a cupful of water. This remedy must be taken once in the morning and once in the evening.
Diet
There are some foods that help the body to fight off asthma attacks and therefore, they are an integral part of an asthma diet. These foods include: Green leafy vegetables are very high in antioxidants, which makes them excellent for keeping asthma attacks at bay. Vegetables like spinach, broccoli and Brussels sprouts are especially beneficial. Fruits like oranges, strawberries, papaya, grapefruit and peaches are rich sources of Vitamin C and are great for fighting off respiratory diseases. Both chicken, as well as turkey are high in selenium and Vitamin B6. These nutrients are great for controlling asthma. However, an excess of poultry could aggravate respiratory problems, as it is high in tryptophan. If you have a tendency to produce excess mucus, dairy products should be avoided.
Lifestyle
Taking steps to reduce your exposure to things that trigger asthma symptoms is a key part of asthma control. Air conditioning reduces the amount of airborne pollen from trees, grasses and weeds that find its way indoors. Air conditioning also lowers indoor humidity and can reduce your exposure to dust mites. Avoid living in damp places. If you are allergic to dander, avoid pets with fur or feathers. Having pets regularly groomed may reduce the amount of dander in your surrounding. Exercise should be done regularly. This strengthens your heart and lungs.
Yoga
Ekpada Uttanasana (One Leg Raised Pose)
Ushtrasana (Camel Pose)
Simhasana (Lion Pose)
Sarvangasana (Shoulder Stand)
Matsyasana (Fish Posture)
Shavasana (Corpse Pose)
SUGGESTED PRODUCT
Biocivas Syrup
100ml Bottle
Respiratory Care
Rs. 75.00
add to cart
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is the co-occurrence of chronic bronchitis and emphysema. There is chronic obstruction of the flow of air through the airways and out of the lungs, and the obstruction generally is permanent and may be progressive over time. Lung damage and inflammation in the large airways results in chronic bronchitis (defined by a long term cough with mucus). Lung damage and inflammation of the air sacs (alveoli) results in emphysema. Emphysema is defined as enlargement of the air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles, with destruction of their walls. The destruction of air space walls reduces the surface area available for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide during breathing. Smoking is the leading cause of COPD. The more a person smokes, the more likely that person will develop COPD.
Other causes of COPD are:- Exposure to certain gases or fumes in the workplace, Exposure to heavy amounts of secondhand smoke and pollution, Frequent use of cooking gas without proper ventilation.
Symptoms
Typically, after smoking 20 or more cigarettes a day for more than twenty years, patients with COPD develop a chronic cough, shortness of breath (dyspnea), and frequent respiratory infections. In patients affected predominantly by emphysema, shortness of breath may be the major symptom. Dyspnea usually is most noticeable during increased physical activity, but in advanced stages, dyspnea occurs at rest. In patients with chronic bronchitis, chronic cough and sputum production are the major symptoms. Cold weather and infections such as influenza cause the symptoms to worsen. In advanced COPD, patients may develop cyanosis (bluish discoloration of the lips and nail beds) due to a lack of oxygen in blood. Patients may cough up blood due to damage to the inner lining of the airways and associated blood vessels.
General Treatment
Persons with COPD must stop smoking. This is the best way to slow down the lung damage. The damage caused by COPD is largely irreversible, but there are treatments that can ease the symptoms.
Medications used to treat COPD include:
  • Inhalers (bronchodilators) to open the airways.
  • Inhaled steroids to reduce lung inflammation. Antibiotics are prescribed during symptom flare-ups, because infections can make COPD worse. Oxygen therapy at home may be needed if a person has a low level of oxygen in their blood. Patients need to be vaccinated against flu influenza and pneumonia.Surgical treatment to remove part of the diseased lung is carried on in severe cases.
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
Corticosteroids
They decrease inflammation by reducing the activity of the immune system.
Long term use is associated with mood changes, excess hair growth, water retention, muscle weakness, skin thinning, etc.
Beta Agonists
These drugs relax the muscles within the airway, thus making breathing easier.
The drug may cause rapid heartbeat and hence individuals with hypertension and heart disease should be closely monitored.
Antibiotics
Inhibits the growth of bacteria and fights infections.
Side effects vary depending upon the antibiotic. They could be loose motions, vomiting, allergic reactions, etc.
Diet
There are some foods that help the body to fight off chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and therefore, they are an integral part of COPD diet. These foods include: Green leafy vegetables are very high in antioxidants, which makes them excellent for keeping COPD at bay. Vegetables like spinach, broccoli and Brussels sprouts are especially beneficial. Fruits like oranges, strawberries, papaya, grapefruit and peaches are rich sources of Vitamin C and are great for fighting off respiratory diseases. Both chicken, as well as turkey are high in selenium and Vitamin B6. However, an excess of poultry could aggravate respiratory problems, as it is high in tryptophan. If you have a tendency to produce excess mucus, dairy products should be avoided.
Lifestyle
Talk to your doctor or respiratory therapist about techniques for breathing more efficiently throughout the day.
  • Clear your airways. In COPD, mucus tends to collect in your air passages and can be difficult to clear. Controlled coughing, drinking plenty of water and using a humidifier may help.
  • Exercise regularly. It may seem difficult to exercise when you have trouble breathing, but regular exercise can improve your overall strength and endurance and strengthen your respiratory muscles.
  • Avoid smoke. In addition to quitting smoking, it's important to avoid places where others smoke. Secondhand smoke may contribute to further lung damage.
  • Get vaccinated. Respiratory infections can worsen your COPD symptoms. The pneumonia vaccine lowers your risk of developing pneumonia.
  • Avoid crowds and cold air. If you must go out into a crowd, use a surgical mask to help prevent germs from reaching your lungs. Cold air can trigger bronchospasm and shortness of breath. Put on a cold-air face mask before you go outdoors.
Yoga
Ekpada Uttanasana (One Leg Raised Pose)Ushtrasana (Camel Pose)
Simhasana (Lion Pose)
Sarvangasana (Shoulder Stand)
Matsyasana (Fish Posture)
Shavasana (Corpse Pose)
SUGGESTED PRODUCT
Biocivas Syrup
100ml Bottle
Respiratory Care
Rs. 75.00
add to cart
Cirrhosis is a consequence of chronic liver disease characterized by replacement of liver tissue by fibrosis and scar tissue leading to loss of liver function. It is the final phase of chronic liver disease. It is most commonly caused by alcoholism and hepatitis B and C. The other cause is autoimmune disorder – primary biliary cirrhosis. It is the slow progressive destruction of the small bile ducts within the liver. Bile aids in digestion and leaves the liver through these bile ducts. When these ducts are damaged, bile builds up in the liver. This damages the liver tissue leading to scarring, fibrosis and cirrhosis. Blockage of bile ducts by gallstones also results in to liver cirrhosis.
Symptoms
The symptoms will depend on how much damage has occurred to the liver. In the early stages there may be no symptoms at all and the disease may be discovered as a result of an investigation for another illness. Some of the symptoms in the early stage are tiredness, weakness, lack of energy, weight loss, etc. In the long term, life threatening complications may arise. These include vomiting of blood, either from ulcers in the stomach or from leaking varicose veins in the lower end of the esophagus. Malnutrition may develop because of inability to digest and absorb nutrients. Liver cirrhosis ultimately leads to liver failure. Easy bruising, abnormal visibility of blood vessels and fluid retention are other changes seen during the progression of the disease. The liver is responsible for removing poisonous substances from the blood. In cirrhosis, the blood may bypass the liver and these poisonous substances pass to the brain where they may result in alteration in brain function, causing confusion, drowsiness and finally coma. This is called hepatic encephalopathy.
General Treatment
Intake of alcohol should be reduced or totally stopped. The diagnosis of liver cirrhosis may be supported by the analysis of blood sample. Blood testing is done to assess the liver function and for the presence of hepatitis virus. Ultra sound, CT scan or an MRI is done to confirm the diagnosis. A liver biopsy is required sometimes. Damage to the liver in liver cirrhosis is always irreversible. But if the underlying cause is treated, further deterioration can be prevented. Nutritional deficiencies can be corrected by taking a balanced diet and other supplements. Drugs which cause liver damage should be avoided. Other complications should be treated respectively. Liver transplantation may be considered in advanced cases of cirrhosis.
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
Prednisolone
It decreases the inflammation of the liver in auto immune hepatitis.
Long term use is associated with mood changes, excess hair growth, water retention, muscle weakness, skin thinning, etc.
Hepatitis A and B Vaccines
Prevents infection from Hepatitis A and B virus.
Soreness, swelling and redness at the injection site.
Diuretics
Promotes the elimination of salt and water into the urine.
Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine levels can show an elevation.
Home Remedies
Mix one tablespoon of papaya seeds juice with ten drops of lemon juice. Drink this two times a day for at least one month.
Diet
Depending on the degree of cirrhosis, some people might not have enough of the key minerals and fat-soluble vitamins (which are vitamins K, A, D, and E) that the body requires. However a balanced diet should easily provide these essential nutrients. Alcohol and high fat foods should be strictly avoided. Fruits and vegetables provide your body with important vitamins and minerals such as vitamin C, vitamin A, folate and potassium. However choose high calorie fruits like dried fruits to maximize your calorie intake. Healthy dairy food like low fat milk and low fat yogurt should provide you with the required calories. To maximize your nutrient intake, choose more whole-grain breads, grains and starches, which contain more fiber and natural vitamins and minerals. Healthy choices include whole wheat bread, whole grain pasta, brown rice, whole grain cereal, etc. A salt restricted diet may be necessary in some cases.
Lifestyle
Gravity helps to pull fluid down into your feet and legs. Hence, relax, and put up your feet (Put a pillow under your legs). This will help reduce the swelling and relieve some of the pain in swollen legs and feet.
Yoga
Sarvangasana (Shoulder Stand Pose)
Matsyasana (Fish Pose)
SUGGESTED PRODUCTS
Livad Capsules
100 Capsules in a Carton
Liver Care
Rs. 445.00
add to cart
Livad Syrup
200ml Bottle
Liver Care
Rs. 110.00
add to cart
When stools are hard, dry, small in size, and difficult to eliminate, the condition is called Constipation. People who are constipated find it painful to have a normal bowel movement and often experience straining, bloating, and a sensation of a full bowel. The normal frequency of stool elimination varies greatly- ranging from three times a day to three times a week. When the intestinal contents harden and the person experiences difficulty or pain during defecation, medical care should be sought. Constipation is a symptom, not a disease. It is a common problem post surgery and in pregnant women. Most constipation is temporary and not serious.
Some common causes of constipation are:-
  • not enough fiber in the diet
  • lack of physical activity (especially in the elderly)
  • medications like anti depressants and antacids
  • irritable bowel syndrome
  • temporary changes in life - pregnancy or travel
  • dehydration
  • specific diseases or conditions, such as stroke (most common)
  • diseases related to colon and rectum
  • problems with intestinal function (chronic idiopathic constipation)
General Treatment
If the cause is known, prevention and treatment will help most people find relief. Different tests are performed depending on the duration and severity of the constipation, the person's age, presence of blood in stools and occurrence of weight loss. Medical evaluation of constipation may include a history, physical examination, blood tests, abdominal X-rays, barium enema, colonic transit studies, etc. Fecal sample is examined for the presence of blood. In most cases dietary and lifestyle changes will help relieve symptoms and help prevent them from recurring. Mild laxatives are prescribed in the initial stages. The doctor may even recommend enemas for a limited time. Constipation linked to a painful anal disorder may be relieved with a soothing ointment or suppositories.
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
Laxatives
Draws water into the stools and softens them. This helps the bowel move them out.
Laxatives can be habit forming and on long term use may hide the other symptoms that are more important.
Home Remedies
Grapes have proved very helpful in overcoming constipation. The combination of the properties of the cellulose, sugar, and organic acid in grapes build them a laxative food. One must take at least 350 gm of this fruit daily to achieve the desired results. When fresh grapes are not obtainable, raisins, soaked in water, can be used. Raisins must be soaked for twenty-four to forty-eight hours. This will make them swell up to the original size of the grapes. They must be eaten early in the morning, along with the water in which they have been soaked.
Diet
Eating a balanced diet with lots of fiber and drinking enough fluid so that you don't become dehydrated is very important in preventing fissures. Consume a minimum of 3 liters of water. Additionally step up your intake of watery foods like soups, buttermilk, coconut water, and watermelon, leeches, and fresh juices. Oily foods, spicy foods, junk foods and fast foods should be avoided. Drinking alcohol, tea and coffee, and smoking should also be avoided.
Lifestyle
Walking helps encourage regular bowel movements, limiting the onset of large stools that harden and become difficult to pass. In addition, exercise promotes overall blood flow. This encourages healing, subsequently aiding in the treatment of fissures. For faster healing, we recommend that you avoid: Dynamic and active sports, even brisk walking and jogging. Using toilet papers. Use water instead, since it is more cleansing and soothing.
Yoga
Dhanurasana (Bow Pose)
Bhujangasana (Cobra Pose)
SUGGESTED PRODUCT
Advac Powder
Container of 100 gms.
GIT Care
Rs. 130.00
add to cart
Diabetes is a chronic condition associated with abnormally high levels of glucose in the blood. The person has high blood sugar, either because the body does not produce enough insulin, or because the body cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced. Insulin is produced by pancreas and is needed to move glucose into the body cells, where it is stored and later used for energy. Untreated diabetes leads to severe complications which include heart disease, diabetic retinopathy, kidney disease and nerve disorders. If cells receive insufficient glucose, fats are utilized as an alternative source of energy. This leads to accumulation of ketones in the bloodstream. Ketones are a result of fat metabolism. Ketoacidosis in the bloodstream eventually lead to diabetic coma. It also increases the risk of developing cataracts in the eyes. There is loss of sensation because of nerve damage, mainly in the lower limbs. This leads to ulcer formation and gangrene.
One common short term complication of diabetes treatment is hypoglycemia. It occurs when the blood sugar falls to abnormally low levels due to inappropriate high medicine dose.
Diabetes mellitus type 1
It is also called juvenile diabetes or insulin dependent diabetes. It results from an abnormal reaction in which body's own immune system destroys insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas.
Diabetes Mellitus Type 2
It is also called non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus or adult onset diabetes. It accounts for 90% of all cases. Diabetes is caused by a problem in the way our body uses insulin.
In type 2 diabetes, the body does not respond correctly to insulin. Hence this is also called insulin resistance diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is a combination of lifestyle and genetic factors. People who are overweight are more likely to have insulin resistance, because fat interferes with the body's ability to utilize insulin.
Individuals who are at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes include:-
People who have a parent or a sibling with type 2 diabetes,
People who are living a sedentary lifestyle,
Women who have been diagnosed with gestational diabetes.
Symptoms
The most common symptoms include frequent urination, increased thirst and feeling of lethargy. There is also insufficient sleep because of the need to urinate at night. The late stage symptoms (if the disease is still left untreated) of ketoacidosis include abdominal pain, rapid breathing, nausea, vomiting, smell of acetone to the breath, slow healing of wounds, blurred vision, tingling or burning sensation in hands or feet, itchy skin, etc.
General Treatment
The diagnosis of diabetes is confirmed by a urine test and blood test. Diabetes mellitus may give rise to both short-term and long-term complications. Short-term problems are usually easy to control, but long-term complications are hard to control, and can lead to premature death.
People affected with Type 1 diabetes mellitus have little or no ability to produce insulin. Hence, they need to take daily injections of insulin. The dosage of insulin must be carefully controlled as per the dietary intake of glucose. People with Type 1 diabetes should learn to operate a home blood glucose monitor. Insulin dose is dependent on the weight, age, activity level of the individual and food intake. In more advanced cases, a pancreas transplant can restore the normal blood glucose level. However, this requires immunosuppressive therapy which has its own long term side effects.
Type 2 diabetes is usually treated by changing the lifestyle. Diet changes, exercises, weight reduction and oral hypoglycemic drugs are advised initially. Sulphonylureas, Metformin, Thiazolidinedione, etc are generally prescribed. Some individuals with high sugar levels may need insulin injections.
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
Insulin
Better blood sugar control and reduced threat of diabetes complications.
Low or high blood sugar levels may occur if the amount of insulin is not precise. Allergic reaction may occur in some individuals.
Sulphonylureas
Stimulates the pancreas to produce and release more insulin.
May cause low sugar level during the initial months of therapy.
Bigaunides
It works by inhibiting the production and release of glucose from the liver.
Possible side effects include loss of appetite, nausea, bloating, metallic taste in the mouth, etc.
Pancreas Transplant
Lessens the need of any diet restrictions and insulin shots.
Recipients are susceptible to certain infections and may experience rejection of the new organ.
Home Remedies
Jambul fruit is another useful home remedy. The fruit as such, the seeds, and fruit juice are all helpful in the treatment of this disease. The seeds must be dried and powdered. One teaspoon of this powder should be mixed in one cup of milk or water or half a cup of curd, and taken two times daily.
An equal amount of amla powder, jamun powder, and bitter gourd powder also makes a very useful remedy for diabetes. A teaspoon of this mixture once or twice a day would be efficient in checking the progress of the disease.
Diet
Diet in a diabetic is a very important aspect of treatment. Many aspects of this particular field are important and it has direct and indirect influence on the outcome of the disease. It is always better to work out a dietary plan for every diabetic because of individual variations. A dietician may be consulted. Appropriate control on the caloric intake forms the core of dietary modifications. Foods having high carbohydrate and fat content are to be adjusted so that the intake and utilization balance each other. Foods having high glycemic index are to be avoided in diabetics as it results in greater rise in blood glucose levels after their intake. Foods rich in saturated fats and cholesterol should be restricted due to increased risk of atherosclerotic and coronary heart disease.
Lifestyle
Weight loss is an important aspect in treatment of obese Type 2 Diabetes patients as reduction in weight is known to improve insulin sensitivity. 30 minutes of exercise is recommended which increases the sensitivity of body tissues to insulin.
Yoga
Sarvangasana (Shoulder Stand)
Halasana (Plough Pose)
Paschimotasana (Forward seated bend)
Ardha Matsyendrasana (Half Spinal Twist)
SUGGESTED PRODUCT
Glufac Capsules
100 Capsules in a Carton
General Care
Rs. 445.00
add to cart
Painful or difficult menstruation with severe pain in lower abdomen disrupting normal day to day activities is called dysmenorrhea. Pain or cramps are usually experienced during or just before a menstrual period. A rise in the level of compound known as prostaglandin occurs some days after ovulation and makes the uterine muscles contract. When the uterine muscles contract, they constrict the blood supply to the tissue of the endometrium, which, in turn, breaks down and dies. These uterine contractions continue as they squeeze the old, dead endometrial tissue through the cervix and out of the body through the vagina. These contractions, and the resulting temporary oxygen deprivation to nearby tissues, are responsible for the pain or "cramps" experienced during menstruation. Dysmenorrhea can be classified as either primary or secondary based on the absence or presence of an underlying cause. Primary dysmenorrhea usually affects young woman within two years of onset of menstruation. When dysmenorrhea is caused by another medical problem such as endometrioses, pelvic inflammatory diseases, uterine fibroids, pelvic tumors or an intra uterine device, it is called secondary dysmenorhoea.
Symptoms
The main symptom of dysmenorrhea is pain concentrated in the lower abdomen and in the umbilical region of the abdomen. It may radiate to the thighs and lower back. Other co- occurring symptoms include nausea, breast tenderness, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, dizziness, disorientation. These symptoms start following ovulation and last till the end of the menstrual cycle.
General Treatment
Non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs, antiprostaglandin drugs, anti spasmodic drugs and muscle relaxing drugs are helpful in primary dysmenorrhea. In case of secondary dysmenorrhea, various tests need to be done which include cervical swab to look for infection, ultrasound scanning or endoscopy. Depending on the stage of the disease and the woman's age and desire to have children, the treatment methods vary from conservative drug therapy to surgical procedures. Occasionally, when an IUD (intra-uterine device) is the cause; the doctor may suggest removing the device and recommend other form of birth control.
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
NSAIDS
They reduce pain and fever.
May increase the risk of bleeding, ulcer formation and perforation of the stomach or intestines.
Muscle Relaxant
They reduce the muscle tone and relax tense muscles.
Patients become less alert under the influence of muscle relaxants.
Oral Contraceptives
They help to regulate the menstrual cycle and reduce the cramps and pelvic pain.
Women may experience nausea, headaches, mood changes, weight changes, etc.
Home Remedies
Parsley aids in regulating the monthly cycle and also helps in reducing painful cramps. Blending 75 ml of parsley, beet, carrot and cucumber juices is an effective remedy for dysmenorrhea.
Diet
Foods that are rich in antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties may be beneficial by decreasing the spasms and cramping of the uterine muscles. Some foods help to relax the abdominal muscles as well. In particular, intake of isoflavones (from whole soy products like tofu) helps to reduce the inflammation as well as menstrual cramps. Some vitamins have similar actions thereby helping to maintain normal muscle tone.
Lifestyle
Exercise regularly and
Do not smoke or drink alcohol.
Yoga
Pawanamuktasana (Wind Releasing Posture)
Dhanurasana (Bow Pose)
SUGGESTED PRODUCT
REGMEN SYRUP
300ml Bottle
Women Care
Rs. 130.00
add to cart
Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by repeated convulsions. These are caused due to abnormal or excessive neuronal activity in the brain. Abnormal signals are sent by brain which results in unpredictable and repeatable convulsions or seizures. Some of the main causes are: - traumatic brain injury, stroke or transient ischemic attack, congenital brain defect, brain infection, tumor of brain, etc. The other causes which can trigger seizures in susceptible individuals are: - mental stress, insomnia, alcohol, flashy lights, etc.
Symptoms
Symptoms vary from person to person and depend on the part of the brain affected and the extent of the brain affected. The symptoms also depend on the type of seizures. These different types of seizures are characterized by specific symptoms.
a. Petit Mal Seizures
Most petit mal seizures last only for a few seconds. They may be unnoticed initially and be mistaken for lack of attention or other misbehavior. The person does not fall during the seizure. He may stop talking or walking and resume again in few seconds.
b. Generalized tonic clonic seizure
It involves the entire body and is also called grand mal seizure. They may occur in people of any age. It involves rigidity of muscles followed by loss of consciousness. The other symptoms are: - clenching of teeth or jaw, biting of tongue, loss of urine or stool control. There may also be weakness of one side of the body for a few minutes to few hours following the episode of convulsion.
c. Partial (focal) seizure
The abnormal electrical activity is restricted to a limited area in the brain. Patients do not lose consciousness. There may be forced turning of the head, abnormal facial movements, abnormal sensations, hallucinations, dilated pupils, rapid heart rate and pulse, etc.
General Treatment
Numbers of tests are done to diagnose the disease. An EEG (electroencephalogram) is done to check the electrical impulses in the brain. Video EEG is also recommended wherein the individual stays in a special hospital and his brain activity is watched on video camera. Various blood tests, CT or MRI scan is advised to find the cause and location of the brain damage. If there is a known cause which triggers epilepsy, they should be minimized or eliminated. The main treatment of epilepsy is the prescription of anticonvulsant drugs. Regular blood testing is done to monitor the drug level. Surgery is an option for patients who remain resistant to the drug therapy. Tumors, restricted brain damage tissue and abnormal bleeding can be taken care by surgery.
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
Anti Convulsant Drugs
Suppress the abnormal or excessive neuronal activity in the brain.
Drugs may cause liver toxicity, Aplastic anemia, loss of appetite and vomiting, etc.
Surgery
Can be beneficial to patients with anatomical abnormalities.
The surgery is considered costly.
Diet
It is important that people with epilepsy follow a nutritious, well balanced diet. Good nutritional habits and a healthy lifestyle are important in obtaining optimal seizure control. However, no special diet is prescribed for epilepsy itself. To avoid dietary deficiencies, ensure proper intake of nutrients through a diet containing adequate folic acid (commonly found in raw and slightly cooked fruits and vegetables), calcium and magnesium (dairy products are the richest source), Vitamin B12 (animal and diary sources), and vitamin K (leafy green vegetables and cereal grains). Vitamin D is found in fish oils/flesh, supplemented milk, and is made in the body in response to sunlight.
Lifestyle
Patients should avoid exposure to flashing lights. Video games have been known to trigger seizures in people with existing epilepsy, but apparently only if they are already sensitive to flashing lights.
Yoga
Sasankasana (Moon Pose)
Ardha Sirshana (Half Head Stand)
Sarvangasana (Shoulder Stand Pose)
Matsyasana (Fish Posture)
SUGGESTED PRODUCT
Sedia Capsules
100 Capsules in a Carton
Neuro Care
Rs. 600.00
add to cart
It is a small tear in the lining of the anal canal. The anal fissure usually develops when the anal tissue is damaged during a hard and dry bowel movement. This results into tearing of the anal lining. The anal fissure can also develop due to higher than normal pressure in the anal sphincters. Diarrhea and inflammation of the anorectal area can also cause an anal fissure. Many women during childbirth develop an anal fissure. The other uncommon causes of the anal fissure are: foreign body insertion or anal intercourse.
Symptoms
Sharp, stinging or burning pain during and following a bowel movement are common symptoms. Blood streaks are observed in the stools. Itching may also occur.
General Treatment
Most of the cases require non operative treatment which includes:-
  • Eating a high-fiber diet to avoid constipation.
  • Drinking more fluids.
  • Use of stool softeners.
  • Sitz baths (soaking anal area in plain warm water).
  • Avoid sharp and spicy foods that may not be well-digested.
Topical anesthetic is applied prior to a bowel movement to reduce the pain of defecation. Injection of botulinum toxin into the anal sphincter is also suggested. In advanced stages, surgery may be necessary.
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
Botulinum Toxin Injection
It relaxes the muscle and prevents spasm and pain, allowing the fissure to heal.
Botulinum can cause temporary, mild anal incontinence. There may be recurrence of symptoms.
Surgery
Fissure heals rapidly and pain relief is instantaneous.
Some degree of incontinence can occur in the immediate surgical recovery period.
Home Remedies
Use of caster oil with milk or Isabghole Husk (1 TSP) with warm milk will help in softening stool.
Diet
Eating a balanced diet with lots of fiber and drinking enough fluid so that you don't become dehydrated is very important in preventing fissures. Consume a minimum of 3 liters of water. Additionally step up your intake of watery foods like soups, buttermilk, coconut water, and watermelon, leeches, and fresh juices.Oily foods, spicy foods, junk foods and fast foods should be avoided.Drinking alcohol, tea, coffee, and smoking should also be avoided.
Lifestyle
Walking helps encourage regular bowel movements, limiting the onset of large stools that harden and are difficult to pass. In addition, exercise promotes overall blood flow. This encourages healing, subsequently aiding in the treatment of fissures. For faster healing, we recommend that you avoid:
  • Dynamic and active sports, even brisk walking and jogging.
  • Using toilet papers. Use water instead, since it is more cleansing and soothing.
Yoga
Pawanamuktasana (Wind Releasing Posture)
Vajrasana (Diamond Pose)
Bhujangasana (Cobra Pose)
Shalabhasana (Locust Posture)
SUGGESTED PRODUCT
Piloguard Capsules
100 Capsules in a Carton
GIT Care
Rs. 650.00
add to cart
It is an abnormal tube like connection between an organ, vessel or intestine and another structure. It can be a result of infection, injury or surgery. Fistulas can occur in any part of the body, but they are most commonly found in the digestive tract. There are different types of fistulas depending on the number of openings they have and whether they connect two internal organs or open through the skin. The most common types are: -
Blind fistulas
Complete fistulas
Horseshoe fistulas
Symptoms
The symptoms of fistula vary depending on their location. Pus is generally visible draining from the fistula opening on the skin. There may be associated pain, fever, itching, tenderness and other associated symptoms based on the location of the fistula.
General Treatment
Barium enema, colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy or an endoscopy is done to diagnose fistula. Treatment often involves the prescription of antibiotic medicines along with surgical intervention. Till underlying condition is not treated, surgical intervention is not of much help.
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
Surgery
High success rates.
Hospitalization period is long and there may be recurrence after the surgery.
Diet
Your diet should be a very high protein one to ensure that you don’t have to exert any pressure to pass stools. For this, the first thing you will need to do is to ensure that you drink lots of water. Buttermilk with some salt added for taste is another option that you can try. You should ensure that vegetables like radish and beetroot are eaten regularly. These will ensure that your diet contains of a lot of fiber. You can eat fruits like apple and grapes to keep your digestion active. Salads should also be consumed regularly. You should drink a cup of hot milk to which a spoon of clarified butter has been added. This will ensure that you don’t suffer from constipation.
Lifestyle
You should avoid late night and eating out since these might result into indigestion. Instead you should ensure that you get sufficient hours of sleep every night. You should also start some kind of physical activity that will keep you healthy and stress free. You should take steps to ensure that you don’t get stressed about home or work. For this you may have to take up some breathing exercises.
Yoga
Vajrasana (Diamond Pose)
Sarvangasana (Shoulder Stand)
Paschimottasana (Forward seated bend)
Halasana (Plough Pose)
SUGGESTED PRODUCT
Piloguard Capsules
100 Capsules in a Carton
GIT Care
Rs. 650.00
add to cart
Pain and stiffness in a shoulder joint, severely restricting its movement, is called frozen shoulder. There is a significant loss of its range of motion in all directions. A frozen shoulder is also referred to as adhesive capsulitis. The joint capsule of the shoulder joint has ligaments that hold the shoulder bones to each other. When the capsule becomes inflamed, the shoulder bones are unable to move freely in the joint.

Most of the time there is no cause for frozen shoulder. However, risk factors include: Cervical disk disease of the neck, Diabetes, Shoulder injury, Shoulder surgery, Hyperthyroidism, etc.
Symptoms
  • Decreased motion of the shoulder
  • Shoulder pain which is worse at night.
  • Increasing stiffness over a period of time
Frozen shoulder without any known cause starts with pain. This pain prevents the person from moving his arm. This lack of movement leads to stiffness and in turn leads to even less motion. Over time, the person becomes unable to perform his daily activities.
General Treatment
Management of frozen shoulder focuses on restoring joint movement and reducing shoulder pain. Usually it begins with non steroidal anti inflammatory medications. The importance of stretching and exercises cannot be overemphasized as these are the key to successful frozen shoulder treatment. These exercises and stretches must be performed several times daily. Applications of moist heat to the shoulder can help to loosen the joint and provide relief of pain. Cortisone injections are commonly used to decrease the inflammation in the frozen shoulder joint. Surgery to cut the adhesions is suggested if nonsurgical treatment is not effective. Even after motion is restored, physical therapy for several weeks or months should be continued to prevent the relapse.
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
NSAIDS
It offers relief from the painful condition.
May increase the risk of bleeding, ulcer formation and perforation of the stomach or intestines.
Cortisone
It is used to decrease the inflammation in the frozen shoulder joint.
Shrinkage and depigmentation of the skin at the injection site.
Lifestyle
If you don't use your shoulder on a regular basis through everyday activities and exercise, the ligaments and tendons won't receive as much blood as they need for optimal nourishment. Over time, lack of optimal blood circulation to these ligaments and tendons can cause them to tighten up. Hence it is important to keep the shoulder joint mobile to prevent stiffness. Stretching exercises must be performed regularly. Shoulder rotations exercises should be done regularly, if you are working on computers. Use warm or hot compresses and use it over your shoulder three to four times a day for fifteen minutes at a time.
Yoga
Parvatasana
Hasthauthanasana
Tadasana (Mountain Pose)
SUGGESTED PRODUCTS
Flex Imac Capsules
100 Capsules in a Carton.
Bone & Joint Care
Rs. 445.00
add to cart
Flex Imac Forte Capsules
50 Capsules in a Carton
Bone & Joint Care
Rs. 400.00
add to cart
Flex Imac Gel
50 gm
Bone & Joint Care
Rs. 110.00
add to cart
Flex-Imac Oil
50 ml
Bone & Joint Care
Rs. 80.00
add to cart
It is the most common cause of attacks of indigestion. The esophagus is the tube that carries food from the throat to the stomach. The stomach secretes acid to digest the food. Sometimes the acid along with stomach contents flows back into the esophagus. The esophagus lining isn't the same as that of the stomach and is not able to cope with acid and is easily injured. This can cause inflammation of the esophagus and symptoms such a heart burn. A minority of patients develop complications like bleeding from the digestive tract, ulcers or breaks in the lining of esophagus (esophagitis) and strictures.

Factors that may contribute to GERD include
Alcohol use, pregnancy, smoking, excessive intake of citrus fruits, caffeine, fatty and fried foods, garlic and onions, spicy foods like chili and pizza.
Symptoms
The main symptoms of gerd are usually most noticeable immediately after eating a large meal or when bending over. These include: - Heartburn, regurgitation, trouble swallowing, nausea, chest pain, blood in the vomit, etc.
General Treatment
Treatment is mainly focused on modifying the lifestyle, drug therapy and surgery (in advanced cases). Alcohol and smoking should be strictly avoided. Eating meals at least 2 to 3 hours before bedtime may lessen reflux by allowing the acid secretion in the stomach to decrease and the stomach to empty partially. Elevating the head of the bed reduces the symptoms of gerd by allowing gravity to minimize reflux of stomach contents into the esophagus. Drugs like proton pump inhibitors (reduce the acid secretion), antacids and prokinetics (speed up gastric emptying) are prescribed. If symptoms still persist, endoscopy is advised to examine the lining of the esophagus. In advanced stages, surgery is required to tighten the lower esophageal sphincter or dilate the strictures.
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
Proton Pump Inhibitors
Reduces the production of acid.
The most common side effects include headache, diarrhea, nausea, abdominal pain, etc.
Prokinetics
Speed up gastric emptying and reduce reflux into the esophagus.
Side effects may include abdominal cramps, headache, confusion, etc.
Diet
Avoid foods that are known to cause heartburn trigger.Some of the commonly known triggers are fatty or fried foods, tomato sauce, alcohol, chocolate, mint, garlic, onion, and caffeine may make heartburn worse. Alcohol and smoking should be strictly avoided. Avoid overeating by eating smaller meals.
Lifestyle
Avoid tight-fitting clothing that fit tightly around your waist and put pressure on your abdomen and lower esophageal sphincter. Eating meals at least 2 to 3 hours before bedtime may lessen reflux by allowing the acid secretion in the stomach to decrease and the stomach to empty partially. Elevating the head of the bed reduces the symptoms of GERD by allowing gravity to minimize reflux of stomach contents into the esophagus. Smoking should be avoided as it decreases the lower esophageal sphincter’s ability to function properly.
Yoga
Sukhasana (Easy Pose)
Bidalasana (Cat Pose)
Ardha Matsyendrasana (Half Spinal twist)
Pawanamuktasana (Wind Releasing Posture)
SUGGESTED PRODUCTS
Cidni Capsules
100 Capsules in a Carton
GIT Care
Rs. 400.00
add to cart
Cidni Syrup
200ml Bottle
GIT Care
Rs. 110.00
add to cart
Helicobacter pylorus (H. pylori) is a bacterium responsible for most ulcers and many cases of chronic gastritis (inflammation of the stomach). About half of the world's population is infected with H. pylori. However, many people who have this organism in their gastrointestinal tract don't get an ulcer or gastritis. The bacteria invade the protective tissue that lines the stomach. This leads to the release of certain enzymes and toxins. These enzymes and toxins may directly or indirectly injure the cells of the stomach or duodenum. This causes chronic inflammation in the walls of the stomach (gastritis) or other part of GI tract. Chronic infection with h. pylori may also increase the risk of developing stomach cancer.
Symptoms
  • Pain or discomfort (usually in the upper abdomen)
  • Feeling full after eating a small amount of food
  • Lack of appetite
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Ulcers that bleed can cause fatigue and other symptoms related to anemia.
General Treatment
Various tests like blood tests, breath tests, stool tests, etc are performed to detect the presence of H-Pylori infection. Body’s immune system develops specific anti bodies in response to the H-Pylori infection. Endoscopy is advised to examine the pathology in upper digestive tract. No single drug cures H- Pylori infection. Most of the treatment regimen includes prescription of two antibiotics and proton pump inhibitor. This reduces the risk of treatment failure and antibiotic resistance. After completing the treatment course, repeat testing is usually performed to ensure that the infection has resolved.
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
Antibiotics
Inhibits the growth of bacteria and fights infections.
Side effects vary depending upon the antibiotic. They could be loose motions, vomiting, allergic reactions, etc.
Proton Pump Inhibitors
Reduces the production of acid.
The most common side effects include headache, diarrhea, nausea, abdominal pain, etc.
Yoga
Sukhasana (Easy Pose)
Bidalasana (Cat Pose)
Ardha Matsyendrasana (Half Spinal twist)
Pawanamuktasana (Wind Releasing Posture)
SUGGESTED PRODUCTS
Cidni Capsules
100 Capsules in a Carton
GIT Care
Rs. 400.00
add to cart
Cidni Syrup
200ml Bottle
GIT Care
Rs. 110.00
add to cart
Hemorrhoids are swollen and inflamed veins around the anus or in the lower rectum. The rectum is the last part of the large intestine leading to the anus. The anus is the opening at the end of the digestive tract where bowel contents leave the body. There are external and internal hemorrhoids. Internal hemorrhoids occur just inside the anus, at the beginning of the rectum. External hemorrhoids occur at the anal opening and may hang outside the anus. This condition is also observed during pregnancy. Hemorrhoids result from increased pressure in the veins of the anus. The most common cause is straining during bowel movements. Hemorrhoids may result from constipation, lack of fiber diet, sitting for long periods of time, and anal infections. In some cases they may be caused by other diseases, such as liver cirrhosis.
Symptoms
Bright red blood flow along with stools.
Prolapsed hemorrhoids often cause pain, discomfort and anal itching.
Internal hemorrhoids that are not prolapsed are usually not painful.
General Treatment
The best way to prevent hemorrhoids is to keep stools soft so they pass easily, thus decreasing pressure and straining. Exercise, including walking, and increased fiber in the diet help reduce constipation and straining by producing stools that are softer and easier to pass. Fruits and vegetables should be included in the diet. Sitz bath is suggested which lessens the symptoms of swelling and pain. Drug therapy includes use of non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs. Corticosteroid creams, ointments, and suppositories are also used for symptom relief. A variety of surgical options like rubber band ligation, sclerotherapy, hemorrhoidectomy, stapled hemorrhoidectomy, etc exist for persistent pain or bleeding.
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
NSAIDS
It offers relief from the painful condition.
May increase the risk of bleeding, ulcer formation and perforation of the stomach or intestines.
Corticosteroids
It is used to decrease the inflammation in the frozen shoulder joint.
Potential side effects include weight gain, swelling, muscle weakness, increased susceptibility to infections, etc.
Home Remedies
The juice of the fresh leaves of bitter gourd is precious in piles. Three teaspoons of the leaf juice, mixed with a glass of buttermilk, should be taken each morning for treating this condition.
Diet
Fiber rich diet is rich in fruits, vegetables and whole grains (or fiber supplement). Fiber adds bulk and moisture to the stool, and it speeds movement through the intestinal tract. Fiber rich diet can prevent constipation and thus also hemorrhoids from developing. A high fiber diet contains fruits, legumes, vegetables, whole grains breads and cereals, beans, brown rice and other grains, nuts and seeds, fruits and vegetables fresh, steamed or lightly cooked.
Lifestyle
The best way to prevent hemorrhoids is to keep stools soft so they pass easily, thus decreasing pressure and straining. Long periods of sitting without a break should be avoided. Cotton undergarments should be used regularly. Avoid toilet tissue with perfumes or colors and try not to scratch the anal area. Regular exercises such as walking, dancing, skipping, yoga or anything which keeps muscles pumping should be done.
Yoga
Sarvangasana (Shoulder Stand)
Shirsasana (Headstand)
Padahastasana (Forward Posture Forward Stand)
Pawanamuktasana (Wind Releasing Posture)
SUGGESTED PRODUCT
Piloguard Capsules
100 Capsules in a Carton
GIT Care
Rs. 650.00
add to cart
Hypercholesterolemia is the presence of high levels of cholesterol in the blood. High cholesterol raises the risk for heart disease, heart attack, and paralysis. When there is too much cholesterol circulating in the blood, it can create sticky deposits (called plaque) along the artery walls. Plaque can eventually narrow or block the flow of blood to the brain, heart, and other organs. And blood cells that get caught on the plaque form clots, which can break loose and completely block blood flow through an artery, causing heart attack or stroke.

There are two types of cholesterol- good cholesterol (also called high density lipoproteins- HDL) and bad cholesterol (also called low density lipoproteins- LDL). HDL picks up free molecule of cholesterol and returns them to the liver to be broken down. Thus HDL protects against atherosclerosis. LDL contributes to the diseases of the heart and other blood disorders. The amount of HDL relative to LDL is considered a more important indicator of heart disease risk. There is a third kind of fatty material in the blood which is called triglycerides. While heredity may be a factor for some people, the main causes are lack of exercise and diets high in saturated fats. High cholesterol is also seen in connection with other diseases such as:
  • Reduced metabolism due to thyroid diseases
  • Kidney diseases.
  • Alcohol abuse.
  • Diabetes.
Symptoms
Xanthelasma palpebrarum - Yellow patches underneath the skin around the eyelids Arcus Senilis- White or grey discoloration of the peripheral cornea. The more serious symptoms are temporary restricted blood supply to the brain which may lead to temporary loss of vision, impairment of balance, dizziness, weakness or numbness.
General Treatment
Most people can lower cholesterol levels by eating a well-balanced diet, limiting alcohol consumption, getting regular exercise, and losing any excess weight. Patients with chest pain or suspected heart disease should take the advice of their doctor before beginning any exercise program. Use of statins (drug therapy) has significantly advanced the treatment of hypercholesterolemia.
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
Statins
Statins help lower cholesterol and reduce the incidence of heart attack and stroke.
The most common side effect is muscle pain. Occasionally it may cause liver damage.
Diet
One of the goals in your blood cholesterol-lowering diet is to eat less total fat, because this is an effective way to eat less saturated fat. Because fat is the richest source of calories, this will also help reduce the number of calories you eat every day. If you are overweight, weight loss is another important step in lowering blood cholesterol levels. The best way to reduce your blood cholesterol level is to reduce the amount of saturated fat you eat. Butter, cheese, whole milk, ice cream and cream all contain high amounts of saturated fat. Saturated fat is also concentrated in the fat that surrounds meat and in the white streaks of fat in the muscle of meat (marbling). Poultry, fish, and shellfish also contain saturated fat, although generally less than meat.
Lifestyle
The main lifestyle modifications aimed at lowering cholesterol are to cut down on smoking, drinking, inactivity, being overweight, etc. Regular exercise can help improve your cholesterol levels. Exercising up to 30 to 60 minutes a day is beneficial in lowering the cholesterol levels. The other activities which can be taken are: brisk daily walk, bike riding, swimming, etc.
Yoga
Bhujangasana (Cobra Pose)
Makarasana (Crocodile Pose)
SUGGESTED PRODUCT
A-Diet Powder
200 gm
General Care
Rs. 400.00
add to cart
It is the most severe form of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy and may lead to dehydration. Nausea and vomiting are extremely common during the first three months of pregnancy. The normal nausea and vomiting act like a protective mechanism and protect the expecting mother and her child from the harmful micro organism and toxins in food. Hyperemesis Gravidarum is characterized by weight loss, electrolyte and acid base imbalance and other nutritional deficiencies. The exact cause of Hyeremesis Gravidarum is not known. But women experiencing these symptoms have high levels of human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) hormone in their blood. A high level of this hormone is found if the woman is pregnant with twins.
Symptoms
Persistent severe nausea and vomiting,
Weight Loss,
Dehydration,
Lethargy or tiredness.
General Treatment
Anti emetic drugs like Ondansetron, Promethazine, Metoclopramide, etc are suggested which help stop vomiting. Some severe cases of Hyperemesis Gravidarum require the expecting mother to be hospitalized. Intravenous fluids are administered to restore vitamins, nutrients, electrolytes, etc. After IV fluids are administered, patients should start with small liquid or bland meals. These cycles of hydration and dehydration do occur and hence continuing care is necessary during that period.
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
Ondansetron
Used to prevent nausea and vomiting.
Possible side effects may include diarrhea, headache, constipation, weakness, tiredness, etc.
Metoclopramide
It enhances the gastric motility and also increases the lower esophageal sphincter tone.
Drowsiness, dizziness, headache, diarrhea, etc.
Home Remedies
Ginger infusion
1 teaspoon (5g) grated ginger root
1 cup freshly boiled water
Boil ginger root in water for 5 minutes. Drink this 2 - 3 times per day or sip frequently throughout the day.
Diet
Eat small frequent meals rather than large meals.
A bland diet high in both protein and carbohydrates and low in fat will surely help you through this period. Many aversions to particular foods are developed by pregnant women and these are usually the food varieties which carry illness or contain harmful chemicals. Eat as many carbohydrates as you can as they are useful for keeping your blood sugar levels up and reduce your symptoms of nausea. High carbohydrate foods (which empty quickly from stomach) include a baked potato without butter or filling, white rice, dry toast or cereals, bread, crackers, fresh or canned fruit, jelly, plain pasta or noodles, mild vegetables and mashed potatoes. Try to avoid fatty foods, as they take longer to digest, especially during pregnancy. Rich, spicy, acidic, and fried foods can irritate your stomach and cause heartburn.
Lifestyle
Take a complete bed rest. This provides relief and comfort.
SUGGESTED PRODUCT
Nomesis Syrup
100ml Bottle
GIT Care
Rs. 75.00
add to cart
Impotency is also called erectile dysfunction. It is defined as the failure to initiate or maintain an erection in order to have sexual intercourse. Impotency can be a result of various causes: - ageing, physical and mental stress, excessive alcohol consumption, heavy smoking, fatigue, depression, fear of sexual failure, spinal cord and brain injuries, side effects of other prescribed drugs such as anti depressants and antihypertensive, metabolic disorders, anxiety disorders and vascular disease like atherosclerosis. Impotence can also result if the nerves supplying the penis are damaged due to surgery of the colon, bladder, prostate or rectum.
Symptoms
Regular or repeated inability to initiate or maintain an erection.
General Treatment
Impotence over a long period often results in distress for both the individual and his partner. In such cases, a doctor should be consulted. The patient's doctor or healthcare professional will inquire about a person's sexual history, personal history and medical history so that he can properly diagnose the cause of the problem. The patient may possibly be run through a complete medical examination which may include some simple tests. Most physicians suggest that treatment for impotence proceed from least invasive to most invasive. Treatment depends on the cause. A change of a prescription medicine may be in done if that is found to be the underlying cause. The risk of suffering from this disease can be significantly reduced by avoiding excessive alcohol and smoking, doing regular exercise and taking a balanced diet. Diabetes should be well under control to prevent nerve damage. Drugs for treating impotence can be taken orally, injected directly into the penis or inserted into the urethra at the tip of the penis. The oral drug Sildenafil Citrate has proved effective in many cases of impotency. It relaxes the smooth muscle in the penis during sexual stimulation, allowing increased blood flow. Other drugs like papaverine hydrochloride, alprostadil and phentolamine are injected directly into the penis, causing it to become engorged with blood. Mechanical vacuum devices are also used which draw blood into the penis, engorging it and expanding it. It is always advisable to consult your physician before taking any drug or devices.
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
Sildenafil
Penile erection is caused by the engorgement of the penis with the blood.
Side effects included are headache, facial flushing, indigestion, urinary tract infection, etc.
Alprostadil Injection
Increases the blood flow to the penis, thus causing an erection.
Permanent damage to the penis and loss of ability to have erections can result, if not used properly.
Diet
Diet is an important factor in treating sexual impotence. To begin with, the patient should adopt an exclusive fresh-fruit diet for five to seven days, taking three meals a day of fresh juicy fruits. A well-balanced diet should be focused on getting foods that consist mainly of grains, vegetables, nuts, seeds, and fruits. Add rejuvenating foods into your diet which would be great in maintaining your health.Among the special rejuvenating foods that you need are sour milk especially goat’s milk, whey, garlic, millet, cold-pressed vegetable oils, honey, and brewer’s yeast. These are considered very beneficial for your health.
Lifestyle
The risk of suffering from this disease can be significantly reduced by avoiding excessive alcohol and smoking, doing regular exercise and taking a balanced diet. A vigorous massage all over the body is highly beneficial in the treatment of impotence, as it helps to revive muscular vigor which is essential for nervous energy.
Yoga
Matsyasana (Fish Pose)
Suryanamaskar (Sun Salute)
Pawanmukhasana (Wind releasing posture)
SUGGESTED PRODUCT
Hispo Capsules
100 Capsules in a Carton
Men Care
Rs. 800.00
add to cart
Insomnia is difficulty initiating or maintaining sleep or the perception of poor quality sleep. It is a symptom and not a standalone diagnosis or disease. Insomnia cannot be defined by a specific number of hours of sleep that one gets, since individuals vary widely in their sleep needs. Insomnia affects all age groups. The incidence tends to increase with age. Insomnia is caused by many different factors. Some of the common causes are: - alcohol, anxiety, stress, severe depression, changes in the sleep environment, stressful situations like exams, unemployment, etc.
Symptoms
Difficulty falling asleep or waking up frequently at night.
Poor concentration and focus during daytime.
Poor motor coordination.
Difficulty with memory.
General Treatment
he main focus of treatment for insomnia should be directed towards finding the cause. Once a cause is identified, it is important to manage and control the underlying problem, as this alone may eliminate insomnia all together. Non medical treatment includes avoiding caffeine, alcohol, daytime naps, eating at regular time each day and keeping comfortable sleeping conditions. Relaxation therapy involves measures such as meditation and listening to light music prior to going to bed. This treatment is also called sleep hygiene. If the symptoms still persist, medications are prescribed to treat insomnia. These drugs should not be taken for a longer period because of the risk of dependence.
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
Benzodiazepines
They help the patient initiate and maintain sleep.
These drugs may cause the person to feel sleepy during the day and may cause dependence.
Home Remedies
A glass of milk, sweetened with honey, should be taken every night before going to bed.
Diet
An insomnia diet cure may consist of a fruit diet for the first five days of the treatment. All of the patient’s meals should be composed of fruits. This helps cleansing the system and ridding it of toxins. Adequate fluids should also be consumed. After the first five days, the diet will be changed a little bit to include vegetables, nuts and yogurt. Gradually the diet will be made into a well-balanced full diet. A warm glass of milk with honey can be had before going to bed. This stimulates serotonin which in turn helps you sleep. During insomnia, some fruits can also help induce sleep. Grapes are also rich in antioxidants which improve the quality of sleep. Bananas rich in Vitamin B6 help regulating serotonin that regulates sleep. Apples are rich in many nutrients and have a sedative effect.
Lifestyle
Taking up a sport of regular physical activity is important as it will regulate sleep cycles and improve the quality of sleep. Keep your bedtime and wake time consistent from day to day, including on weekends. A warm bath before bedtime can help prepare you for sleep. Create a relaxing bedtime ritual, such as reading, soft music, breathing exercises, yoga or prayer.
Yoga
Tadasana (Mountain Pose)
Bhujangasana (Cobra Pose)
Shavasana (Corpse Pose)
Shalabhasana (Locust Posture)
SUGGESTED PRODUCT
Sedia Capsules
100 Capsules in a Carton
Neuro Care
Rs. 600.00
add to cart
Jaundice is a yellow discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes and whites of the eyes caused by increased amount of bilirubin in the blood. Bilirubin is a by-product of the daily natural breakdown and destruction of red blood cells in the body. Normally, the liver metabolizes and excretes the bilirubin in the form of bile. However, if there is a disruption in this normal metabolism and/or production of bilirubin, jaundice may result. Jaundice is often seen in liver disease such as hepatitis or liver cancer. Jaundice may be caused by several different disease processes. In some cases, it is caused by rapid increase in the destruction of red blood cells. Thus, liver is unable to remove the increased levels of bilirubin from the blood. Eg: - Malaria, thalassemia and other blood disorders. Sometimes, damaged liver cells or obstruction of the bile ducts (which carry bile from liver to gall bladder and small intestine) can also lead to high levels of bilirubin in the blood. Eg:- Hepatitis, cirrhosis, Gallstones in the bile duct and cancer of liver, gall bladder and pancreas. Physiological jaundice occurs in more than 50% of newborns. This jaundice is due to the immaturity of the baby’s liver, which leads to slow processing of bilirubin.
Symptoms
Yellow discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes and the whites of the eyes,
Itching of the skin,
Abdominal pain, fever, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting.

General Treatment
Treatment depends on the cause of the underlying condition leading to jaundice and any potential complications related to it. Blood test is suggested to assess liver function for evidence of excess red blood cell production, viral hepatitis, inflammation or obstruction. In physiological jaundice, the baby takes care of the excess bilirubin by 5-7 days of age. If jaundice still persists, phototherapy (light therapy) is prescribed.
This light can alter the structure and the shape of the bilirubin molecules, making it possible for the baby to excrete them through urine or stools. Medical treatment with intravenous fluids (in case of dehydration), antibiotics or blood transfusion may be required. Surgical treatment may be necessary in certain cases of cancer, congenital malformations, conditions that obstruct the bile duct, etc. A liver transplant may be required in certain cases.
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
Photo Therapy
It helps babies break down excessive levels of bilirubin.
Sometimes it may cause side effects like skin burns, rashes, skin irritation ,etc
Antibiotic
Inhibits the growth of bacteria and fights infections.
Side effects vary depending upon the antibiotic. They could be loose motions, vomiting, allergic reactions, etc.
Home Remedies
A mixture of almonds, dried dates and cardamoms is observed as an effective remedy for jaundice. Eight kernels of almonds, two dried dates, and five small cardamoms should be soaked during the night in water. The outer coating of the almond kernels and the inner seeds of dried dates should be detached the next morning and the whole material should be rubbed into a fine paste. Then fifty grams of sugar and an equivalent amount of butter should be mixed in it and the patient should lick this mixture.
Diet
The digestive system of the patient in jaundice is very weak. Hence, he should be put on a juice fast for some days. In this regimen, he should have three meals a day of fresh juicy fruits such as apples, pears, grapes, oranges and pineapples, etc. This prevents the chances of dehydration and at the same time, provides the body with foods that are easy to digest, but are still very high in nutrition. Thereafter a simple diet may be resumed afterwards. A glass of hot skimmed milk with honey if desired can be taken during bedtime. All fats like butter, cream and oils must be avoided for at least two weeks.
Lifestyle
Complete bed rest is advised.
Yoga
Matsyasana (Fish Pose)
Sarvangasana (Shoulder Stand)
SUGGESTED PRODUCTS
Livad Capsules
100 Capsules in a Carton
Liver Care
Rs. 445.00
add to cart
Livad Syrup
200ml Bottle
Liver Care
Rs. 110.00
add to cart
Lumbago is the term used to describe lower back pain. It is the common cause of job related disability and is distinguished into acute and chronic. Acute lumbago is the back pain which comes on suddenly after lifting heavy load or due to muscle spasms. Chronic lumbago is the back pain which is the result of repetitive activities. Eg: - Gardening or continuous sitting in bad posture. Pain can also occur due to injury to intervertebral discs. Aging diminishes the joint functionality and results in back pain.
Symptoms
There is diffuse pain in the lower back which is not radiating in nature. Pain may increase on certain movements or positions. There may even be stiffness. The duration of pain may vary.
General Treatment
Conservative treatment like proper rest (avoiding sitting in one position for a long time) and regular exercises can give relief in most of the cases. Exercise should be done only under expert supervision. Alternate heat and cold packs are applied. Non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) and other muscle relaxants are used in reducing pain and muscle spasms.
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
NSAIDS
They reduce inflammation and pain.
May increase the risk of bleeding, ulcer formation and perforation of the stomach or intestines.
Muscle Stimulants
They reduce the muscle tone and relax tense muscles.
Patients become less alert under the influence of muscle relaxants.
Home Remedies
The most significant home remedy for backache is the use of garlic. Two or three cloves must be taken each morning to get results. Oil prepared from garlic and rubbed on the back will give enormous relief. This oil is prepared by boiling ten cloves of garlic in 60 ml of oil in a frying pan.
Diet
Take in salads made of raw vegetables such as tomatoes, cabbage, carrots, radish, cucumber, and lettuce. Eating lots of fruits except banana is very beneficial against backache.Take in at least two servings of vegetables like spinach and cauliflower that have been cooked lightly. Avoid foods that have been fried, are spicy and fatty.
Lifestyle
Hot fomentation, alternate sponging or application of heat to the back will also give immediate relief.
Yoga
Bhujangasana (Cobra Pose)
Shalabhasana (Locust Posture)
Halasana (Plough Pose)
Uttanpadasana
SUGGESTED PRODUCTS
Flex Imac Capsules
100 Capsules in a Carton.
Bone & Joint Care
Rs. 445.00
add to cart
Flex Imac Forte Capsules
50 Capsules in a Carton
Bone & Joint Care
Rs. 400.00
add to cart
Flex Imac Gel
50 gm
Bone & Joint Care
Rs. 110.00
add to cart
Flex-Imac Oil
50 ml
Bone & Joint Care
Rs. 80.00
add to cart
It is a natural period in a woman’s life when her ovaries stop producing eggs and her menstruation becomes less frequent. Eventually the menstruation stops completely. It is the permanent cessation of the normal functions of female ovaries. During this time, there is a major reduction in the levels of female sex hormones estrogen and progesterone. Women begin to experience menopausal symptoms and may lose bone density.
Symptoms
Hot flashes,
Night sweats,
Irregular Heartbeat,
Insomnia,
Vaginal Dryness,
Mood Changes and
Osteoporosis, etc.
General Treatment
There is generally no need of any treatment. Lifestyle changes like avoiding spicy foods and alcohol, taking calcium supplements, regular exercising, etc are advised initially. In severe cases, treatment with hormones is beneficial. Estrogen is well established for the treatment of hot flashes. It also helps in building the bone density and helps in reducing the vaginal symptoms. Estrogen is available as vaginal suppositories, creams, skin patches, oral tablets, etc. Progesterone is sometimes co prescribed to prevent endometrial cancer. Other medications like anti depressants are recommended to help reduce the symptoms of menopause.
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
Estrogen
It helps relieve symptoms like hot flashes, vaginal dryness, fatigue, irritability and also prevents osteoporosis.
It may increase the risk of endometrial cancer, abnormal vaginal bleeding, etc if taken for a prolonged period of time.
Anti Depressants
They are used to alleviate mood disorders.
Side effects include dry mouth, constipation, headache, weight gain, etc.
Diet
Calcium and iron should be increased in the daily diet. Eating and drinking 2 to 4 servings of dairy products and calcium-rich foods a day will help ensure that a woman is getting enough calcium in the daily diet. Calcium is found in various dairy products like cheese, milk, paneer, etc and also in broccoli and legumes. Iron is found in lean red meat, poultry, fish, eggs, leafy green vegetables, nuts, etc.
Lifestyle
Women should pursue a lifestyle that includes a balanced aerobic and weight resistance exercise program appropriate to their age and medical conditions. Brisk walking, stair climbing, hiking, dancing, etc are all helpful. Pelvic floor muscle exercises, called Kegel exercises, can improve some forms of urinary incontinence. Relaxation techniques such as deep breathing and meditation should be tried during hot flashes. Avoid excessive clothing layer when hot flashes strike.
Yoga
Sarvangasana (Shoulder Stand)
Swastikasana (Auspicious Pose)
Gomukhasana (Cow Face Pose)
Pashimothasana (Forward Bend Posture)
Matsyasana (Fish Pose)
SUGGESTED PRODUCT
Dairical Plus Tablets
30 Capsules in a Carton
Women Care
Rs. 450.00
add to cart
Menorrhagia can be defined as menstruation at regular cycle intervals but with excessive flow and duration. A normal menstrual cycle lasts an average of 5 days with total blood flow in between 25-80 ml. A blood loss of 80 ml or lasting longer than 7 days constitutes menorrhagia. It may be associated with abnormally painful periods. Heavy menstrual bleeding is a symptom of various disorders of the uterus like polyps, fibroids, endometrial hyperplasia, etc. Women with certain bleeding disorders (having a low platelet count) or who take certain medicines also suffer from heavy menstrual bleeding. Hormonal imbalances, intrauterine devices and menopause are some other causes of menorrhagia.
Symptoms
Passage of large blood clots,
Heavy menstrual flow that interferes with regular lifestyle,
Menstrual flow that soaks through one or more sanitary pads or tampons every hour for several consecutive hours.
Iron deficiency anemia and tiredness.
General Treatment
The doctor may require a physical examination, including a pelvic examination. The other investigations done are:-

Blood test to look for a bleeding disorder, measure hormone levels and detect anaemia.

Pelvic ultrasound scanning is suggested to detect the presence of endometrial polyps and fibroids.

Hysteroscopy (to inspect the uterine cavity) and biopsy (analysis of endometrial tissue under microscope) might be done.

Treatment options depend on the cause and severity of menorrhagia, the result of investigation, the desire to have children in future and the overall health of the patient. First line of treatment includes use of drugs that reduce the severity of bleeding. Hormonal birth control methods are used which reduce bleeding, pain and cramps during the periods. This treatment is best for women who do not want to become pregnant in the near term. An implant is placed under the skin which reduces menstrual bleeding. Polyps or fibroids are reduced with the help of surgery. The process of removing the fibroids is called myomectomy. In severe cases, removal of uterus is suggested by gynecologists. This is a permanent treatment that cures heavy menstrual bleeding. Removal of the uterus renders the patient unable to bear children in future. It has post operative as well as long term effects. So it is normally advised when other treatment options are not available.
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
Oral Contraceptives
They help to regulate the menstrual cycle and reduce the cramps and pelvic pain.
Women may experience nausea, headaches, mood changes, weight changes, etc.
Surgery (hysterectomy)
Permanent treatment that cures heavy menstrual bleeding.
It renders the patient unable to bear children in future.
Diet
Diet is primarily focused to correct vitamin K deficiency (this possibly helps menorrhagia due to vitamin K deficiency). The diet includes green leafy vegetables and fruits. Salycilates (aspirin, spices, nuts, cayenne pepper, salsa, vinegar) should be avoided. Antibiotics and foods and supplements with antibiotic properties such as onions, garlic and grapefruit seed extract should be avoided. Probiotics supplements should be consumed which help in synthesizing vitamin K.
Lifestyle
During the period and even after the period has finished, avoid over exerting yourself. Strain in anyway, whether mental or physical should be avoided at all costs. Exercise regularly by participating in gentle activities such as walking or yoga. Of course, this regimen is not applicable on days when you are having this problem.
Yoga
Halasana (Plough Pose)
Gomukhasana (Cow Face Pose)
Dhanurasana (Bow Pose)
Bhujangasana (Cobra Pose)
SUGGESTED PRODUCT
REGMEN SYRUP
300ml Bottle
Women Care
Rs. 130.00
add to cart
Motion sickness is considered to be a form of dizziness. It is typically not a sign of any serious problem unless prolonged vomiting leads to dehydration. It is a common problem in people travelling by bus, train, airplanes, boats, etc. The brain senses movement by getting signals from inner ear, eyes and muscles. When the body moves involuntary there may be conflict among these different types of sensory input to the brain. This results in motion sickness. Children and people who experience migraine are commonly affected by motion sickness.
Symptoms
The primary symptom of motion sickness is nausea, dizziness, increased salivation, excessive sweating, vomiting and discomfort. Lethargy, headache and yawning may also occur. Poor ventilation or excessive crowding in the vehicle may make the symptoms worse.
General Treatment
A number of different measures are successfully used to manage the symptoms of motion sickness. Some of the preventive measures are: - Heavy food and alcohol should be avoided before travelling. The person should keep his eyes on the horizon and avoid reading or looking at nearby objects. Medications can be used to alleviate the symptoms of motion sickness. These medications are only useful when taken before the start of any journey. They are less effective after the onset of involuntary motion.
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
Hyoscine (Scopolamine)
It blocks the nerve signals that can cause nausea and vomiting.
Common side effects include drowsiness, blurred vision, dry mouth, dizziness, etc.
Antihistamines
It reduces the activity of the brain centre that controls nausea and motion sickness.
They can cause dry mouth, drowsiness, constipation or diarrhea, etc.
Diet
Avoid heavy meals before or during a trip. Avoid alcohol before or during travel.
Lifestyle
Minimize activities or surroundings that make your nausea worse. Fresh air may help. If possible, open a window, or sit or take a walk outside the congested area. Try activities to keep your mind occupied, such as crossword puzzles or listening to music. On a ship, stay on deck rather than indoors. Focus on the horizon or some stationary object.
Yoga
Shirsasana (Head Stand)
Sarvangasana (Shoulder Stand Pose)
Matsyasana (Fish Pose)
SUGGESTED PRODUCT
Nomesis Syrup
100ml Bottle
GIT Care
Rs. 75.00
add to cart
It is an uneasy sensation of discomfort in the upper gastro intestinal tract along with an urge to vomit.
SUGGESTED PRODUCT
Nomesis Syrup
100ml Bottle
GIT Care
Rs. 75.00
add to cart
It refers to semen with less number of sperms. Normal sperm count is 20 million to 120 million per milliliter. Oligospermia is generally defined as less than 20 million spermatozoa per ml of ejaculate. It is one of the main causes of male infertility. It can be due to various causes like: - testicular trauma, vasectomy, infection, hormonal imbalance, obesity, stress, smoking, some medications, malnutrition, etc.
Symptoms
Inability to conceive a child.
Other symptoms vary depending on the underlying cause of oligospermia. In varicolcele, symptoms may include swelling of the scrotum and dilated veins in the scrotum. In sexually transmitted disease, symptoms may include burning urination, testicular pain and thick discharge from the penis.
General Treatment
Diagnosis of oligospermia includes taking a medical history, sexual history, general physical examination, examination of the penis and testicles. Semen analysis is done to measure the quality and quantity of sperms in the semen. Other tests are done to rule out sexually transmitted disease or any other hormonal disorder. Treatment varies depending on the type and severity of oligospermia. Direct medical or surgical intervention can improve the quality and quantity of sperms in the semen. Antibiotics (in case of infections) and other multi vitamins are suggested.
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
Clomiphene Citrate
Helps increase sperm count and progressive motility of the sperms.
Side effects include visual disturbances, changes in libido, gastrointestinal disturbances, etc.
Antibiotics
Inhibits the growth of bacteria and fights infections.
Side effects vary depending upon the antibiotic. They could be loose motions, vomiting, allergic reactions, etc.
Home Remedies
Soak 10 almonds overnight in water. In the morning peel off the skin, put the almonds in a blender, and add 1 cup hot cow's milk and a pinch each of ginger, cardamom, and saffron. Drink this almond milk every morning.
Diet
Vitamin A deficiency has been linked to low sperm counts and low sperm motility. Eating foods high in vitamin A, including carrots, sweet potatoes, dried apricots and oatmeal may help increase your sperm count.
Zinc raises testosterone levels and is essential for male reproductive health. Pumpkin seeds are high in zinc.
Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant that increases sperm motility and viability. Dark leafy green vegetables, broccoli, citrus fruits, berries, and sweet potatoes are all good sources of vitamin C. Vitamin E, found in seeds, nuts, vegetable oil, tomatoes and spinach may raise low sperm counts by helping the endocrine glands function better. As an antioxidant, vitamin E may protect sperm against free-radical damage.
Foods high in selenium help your body produce testosterone and increases sperm motility. Eat legumes, soybeans, oats, rice, corn and Brazil nuts to ensure adequate amounts of selenium in your diet.
Lifestyle
Prevention of oligospermia includes preventing sexually transmitted diseases. This includes abstaining from sexual activity or having sex only within a mutually monogamous relationship in which neither partner is infected with oligospermia. Lifestyle changes, such as regular exercise, not smoking or drinking alcohol, avoiding tight underwear, whirlpools and saunas (heat can kill sperm) may help increase sperm count. Wear loose, cotton boxer shorts.
Yoga
Sarvangasana (Shoulder Stand Pose)
Matsyasana (Fish Pose)
Pashimothasana (Forward Seated Bend)
Shalabhasana (Locust Posture)
SUGGESTED PRODUCT
Hispo Capsules
100 Capsules in a Carton
Men Care
Rs. 800.00
add to cart
It is also known as degenerative arthritis or degenerative joint disease and is the most common joint disorder caused by wear and tear on a joint. Cartilage covers the end of bones in joints to provide shock absorption during movement. It acts as a cushion to the bones at the joints and allows bones to glide over one another. A variety of hereditary, metabolic and mechanical causes lead to the process of osteoarthritis. As the disease gets worse, cartilage breaks down and wears away. Thus bones become exposed and damaged. The risk factors which lead to the onset of osteo-arthritis are: - Being overweight, fractures or other joint disorders, repeated strenuous activity, etc.
Symptoms
Pain and tenderness in the joints are the most common symptoms. These often increase after exercise or when placing pressure on the joint. Joints become stiff and harder to move over time. There is cracking noise called “crepitus” on moving the affected joint. There may also be joint swelling and hard bony enlargements on the distal inter-phalangeal joint. An x-ray of affected joints will show a loss of the joint space. The pain increases during moist or humid weather.
General Treatment
Osteo-arthritis cannot be cured. The goals of treatment are to reduce the pain, maintain or improve the joint movement and increase the strength of the joints. Physiotherapy and lifestyle modification have been shown to significantly decrease pain and improve the joint movement. Pain killers and non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs are suggested. Corticosteroids are injected into the joint to reduce swelling and pain. Severe cases of osteoarthritis might need joint replacement surgery to replace or repair damaged joints.
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
NSAIDS
They reduce inflammation and pain.
May increase the risk of bleeding, ulcer formation and perforation of the stomach or intestines.
Corticosteroids
Helpful in Inflammatory conditions.
Long term use is associated with mood changes, excess hair growth, water retention, muscle weakness, skin thinning, etc.
Diet
Diets that are high in refined foods like white rice, white bread, sweets and white pasta laden with saturated and Trans fats have been shown to contribute to the development or progression of osteoarthritis. Fried foods should be avoided. Vitamin C should be consumed regularly as it helps in developing normal cartilage. Foods like papaya, broccoli, strawberries, oranges, kiwifruit, grapefruit, raspberries, etc contain significant amount of vitamin C. Foods like carrots, boiled spinach, sweet potatoes, etc contain beta carotene. This compound is an anti oxidant and has been shown to slow down osteoarthritis. Eat foods that contain omega-3 fatty acids like walnuts and certain fish. Add ginger and turmeric in your daily diet.
Lifestyle
Lifestyle changes can help reduce stress on affected joints.
Patients with osteoarthritis should reduce shock to the affected joint. People in occupations with repetitive and stressful movement should find ways to reduce trauma. Joints need motion to stay healthy. Long periods of inactivity cause the arthritic joint to stiffen and the adjoining tissue to atrophy (waste away). A moderate exercise program that includes low-impact aerobics and power and strength training benefits the patients suffering from osteoarthritis.
Yoga
Vajrasana (Diamond Pose)
Padmasana (Lotus Pose)
Marjarasana (Cat Pose)
SUGGESTED PRODUCTS
Flex Imac Capsules
100 Capsules in a Carton.
Bone & Joint Care
Rs. 445.00
add to cart
Flex Imac Forte Capsules
50 Capsules in a Carton
Bone & Joint Care
Rs. 400.00
add to cart
Flex Imac Gel
50 gm
Bone & Joint Care
Rs. 110.00
add to cart
Flex-Imac Oil
50 ml
Bone & Joint Care
Rs. 80.00
add to cart
It is a disease of bones characterized by low bone mass. It occurs when there is an imbalance between bone formation and bone breakdown. The body may fail to make new bone and this leads to reduced bone marrow density. As a result, osteoporosis leads to abnormally porous bones which results in frequent fractures in the bones.

The two essential minerals for new bone formation are calcium and phosphate. Calcium is critical for proper functioning of the heart, muscles, brain, etc. To maintain the functioning of these organs, calcium is reabsorbed from the bones to maintain the blood calcium levels. Insufficient calcium intake may lead to fragile bones that can break easily.

The leading cause of osteoporosis is lack of sex hormones, particularly estrogen in women and testosterone in males. Eventually, all elderly people are affected by osteoporosis. Menopause in women is accompanied by low estrogen levels and hence increases the risk of osteoporosis. Other factors that may lead to osteoporosis are: - lack of weight bearing exercises, thyroid disorders, overuse of corticosteroids, bone cancer, genetic disorders, etc. People who are confined to bed and in those whose daily activity is reduced by arthritis or other disorders are at a risk of developing osteoporosis.
Symptoms
Patients may be unaware of osteoporosis, until they suffer from a painful fracture. Repeated spinal fractures can lead to lower back pain. There may be loss of height and rounding of the back due to curved spine. Hip fractures can occur as a result of trivial accidents.
General Treatment
A routine X-ray may show the bones as lighter and thinner. Lifestyle changes like avoiding smoking and drinking should be made and a balanced diet with adequate calcium Treatment for osteoporosis focuses on slowing down or stopping down the calcium loss, increasing bone density and controlling the pain associated with osteoporosis. For women in menopausal age, estrogen replacement will help in prevention of bone loss. Calcium and vitamin D are needed to increase the bone density. Vitamin D helps in the absorption of calcium in the body. Vitamin D comes from the diet and skin. Vitamin D production by the skin is dependent on exposure to sunlight. A daily intake of 1200- 1500 mg of calcium supplements and 800- 1000 IU of vitamin D is generally recommended. But the intestine is unable to absorb more than 500- 600 mg of calcium at a time. Hence, these supplements are advised to be taken in split doses. Biphosphonates are also prescribed which decrease the risk of fracture and bone loss in osteoporosis.
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
Calcium Supplements
Helps in increasing the bone density.
Constipation and stomach upset may occur.
Estrogen Replacement therapy
Promotes the activity of osteoblasts which help in bone production.
It may lead to increased risks of uterine cancer, breast cancer, stroke, heart attacks, etc.
Diet
Getting enough calcium and vitamin D is essential for warding off osteoporosis. Dairy products are rich in calcium. Sources include milk, yogurt, and cheese. Include dark green leafy vegetables and salads in your meals.
Lifestyle
Incorporate regular physical activity, especially weight bearing exercise. Make use of protective clothing such as hip protectors or pads if you are at a risk of a hip fracture. Avoid alcohol and caffeine consumption. Vitamin D production by the skin is dependent on exposure to sunlight. Hence the patient should get exposure to adequate sunlight. An important component in reducing the risk for fractures is preventing falls. Recommendations for preventing falls include: Installing grab bars in bathrooms especially near shower, tub, or toilet. Rooms should be well lit and regular eye checkups should be done.
Yoga
Consult your health care provider about engaging in Yoga before beginning any practice.
SUGGESTED PRODUCTS
Dairical Plus Tablets
30 Capsules in a Carton
Women Care
Rs. 450.00
add to cart
Dairical Tablets
30 Capsules in a Carton
Women Care
Rs. 375.00
add to cart
It is a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system and most often develops in old age. Nerve cells use a brain chemical called dopamine to help control muscle movement. It is produced by a group of cells in the brain called substantia nigra. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter which works in conjugation with acetylcholine (another neurotransmitter) and transmits nerve impulses for effective functioning of the body. For reasons unknown, when these dopamine producing cells start to die off, the normal dopamine/acetylcholine balance is disturbed. This leads to tremors, joint rigidity and difficulty in movement. Anti psychotic drugs (which are used to treat psychiatric illness) are also known to be a cause of Parkinson’s disease.
Symptoms
The most obvious symptoms are movement related and occur early in the course of the disease. These include slowness of movement and difficulty in walking. The other symptoms are muscle stiffness, tremors which are usually seen in one hand, arm or leg, expressionless face, impaired balancing, etc. As the disease progresses, cognitive and behavioral symptoms also arise. Tremors occur on both the sides as the disease advances. In more advanced cases, there is loss of memory, sleep and emotional disturbances.
General Treatment
Diet and exercise play an important role in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease. A regular exercise program to meet the needs of patients with movement disorders is suggested. Stretching exercise is helpful in increasing the range of motion, improves posture and circulation. Neurological examination along with medical history is taken by the neurologist. CT scan and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) are used to rule out disorders that give rise to similar symptoms.
Medications are used which increase the level of dopamine or oppose the action of acetylcholine in the brain. Drugs such as Amantadine and Levodopa are prescribed for mild to moderate symptoms. Levodopa is converted to dopamine in the body and replenishes the deficiency of dopamine in the brain. Dopamine agonists like Bromocriptine, Carbergoline, etc are also prescribed which have similar actions like dopamine. Anticholinergic drugs are found to be effective in treating the symptoms. These drugs block the action of acetylcholine and restore the balance between dopamine and acetylcholine. However, there are some common side effects like nausea, insomnia, dizziness, dryness of mouth, etc. Hence it is necessary to continuously consult your doctor.
Surgery is suggested when tremors cannot be controlled by medications. This involves destroying a part of brain tissue responsible for tremors.
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
Amantadine
Beneficial in mild to moderate symptoms and reduces tremors.
Appetite loss, constipation, diarrhea, dizziness, drowsiness, dry mouth, headache, nausea, etc.
Levodopa
Enhances the life of people by improving motor functions and mobility.
Involuntary movements may include chewing, twisting, mouth movements, muscle twitching, etc.
Diet
In the early stages of Parkinson’s disease (PD), no special dietary changes are required. You may want however to increase your intake of foods rich in antioxidants. Antioxidants are those chemicals that destroy the so-called ‘free radicals’. Free radicals are tiny molecules that circulate in your tissues and damage those tissues. Free radicals have a special affinity for cells that produce dopamine. Hence, fruits and vegetables such as spinach, broccoli, tomatoes, carrots, garlic, red kidney beans, pinto beans, blueberries, cranberries, strawberries, plums and apples should be consumed.
Lifestyle
Exercise is an important component of rehabilitation. Physical therapy may help with physical function and quality of life. It usually includes active exercise, gait training, and practice in normal activities. Active exercises are used to help range-of-motion, coordination, and speed. Patients should continually make efforts to practice movement such as making circular arm movements, and raising the legs up and down while sitting. Practicing new methods for standing, walking, and turning may help retain balance. Speech therapy may help those who develop a monotone voice and lose volume, particularly in combination with medications. Practice deep breathing and relaxation exercises. These may help maintain proper speech control, control tremor, and reduce anxiety.
Yoga
Sasangasana (Rabbit Pose)
Bhujangasana (Cobra Pose)
SUGGESTED PRODUCT
Neurotip Capsules
10*10 Capsules in a Carton
Neuro Care
Rs. 500.00
add to cart
A peptic ulcer is a hole or erosion in the lining of the gastro intestinal mucosa. The lining of the gastro intestinal tract has a lining of protective layer called mucosal layer. This layer protects against the effects of acidic digestive juices. If this lining breaks down, the acid may cause inflammation and erosion of the lining. Most ulcers occur in the first layer of the mucosal layer. Erosion that goes all the way through the gastro intestinal tract is called “perforation”. This allows the juices to enter the abdomen and cause severe pain. It is a medical emergency.

Excess acid was believed to be the main cause of Peptic Ulcer. But now it has been more commonly associated with Helicobacter Pylori infection. When the immune system is unable to clear this infection, the bacterium damages this protective lining. As a result, the effectiveness of the mucosal layer is reduced which ultimately develops into peptic ulcers. The other risk factors for the development of peptic ulcers are: - excessive smoking and drinking of alcohol, regular and long term use of ibuprofen, aspirin and other non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs, mental stress, etc. Although stress is not a primary cause, it is frequently associated with the occurrence of peptic ulcer.
Symptoms
Abdominal pain is one of the common symptoms in all the cases. The other symptoms are:-Loss of appetite, weight loss, blood in vomit or in stools, abdominal fullness and nausea. Gastric ulcer pain is often aggravated by food, whereas duodenal ulcer pain is relieved by eating.
General Treatment
Endoscopy is done to view the stomach and upper intestine. A sample of small tissue (biopsy) is taken to look for evidence of Helicobacter Pylori infection. Blood test to detect anti bodies against the H- pylori infection and to look for evidence of anemia is also suggested. Healthy diet is advised to stop any further growth of a peptic ulcer. Alcohol and smoking should be strictly avoided. Patients who have a history of taking non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs are prescribed a prostaglandin analogue (misoprostol). It stimulates increased secretion of the protective mucus that lines the gastrointestinal tract and increases the mucosal blood flow. When H-pylorus infection is present, a combination of antibiotics and proton pump inhibitors are often used. Perforated peptic ulcers require surgical repair. Endoscopy is done to arrest the bleeding blood vessels. Various surgical treatment methods like cautery, injection or clipping are performed to stop bleeding.
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
Antacids
They neutralize acid.
They can cause constipation or diarrhea depending on the medication.
Prostaglandin Analogue
Stimulates increased secretion of the protective mucous that lines the GIT and prevents the formation of ulcer formation.
It may cause mild to moderate diarrhea, stomach cramps, nausea, etc.
Proton Pump Inhibitors
Reduces the production of acid.
The most common side effects include headache, diarrhea, nausea, abdominal pain, etc.
Antibiotics
Inhibits the growth of bacteria and fights infections.
Side effects vary depending upon the antibiotic. They could be loose motions, vomiting, allergic reactions, etc.
Home Remedies
Cabbage is considered as another useful home remedy for a peptic ulcer: 250 gm should be boiled in 500 ml of water till it is decreased to half; this water should be permissible to cool and taken twice daily.
Diet
Avoid foods that are known to cause heartburn trigger. Some of the commonly known triggers are fatty or fried foods, tomato sauce, alcohol, etc. Chocolate, mint, garlic, onion, and caffeine may sometimes make heartburn worse. Alcohol should be strictly avoided. Avoid foods that are fried and spicy. A diet rich in fiber cuts the risk of developing ulcers and speeds the healing of existing ulcers.
Lifestyle
Avoid tight-fitting clothing that fit tightly around your waist and put pressure on your abdomen and lower esophageal sphincter. Eating meals at least 2 to 3 hours before bedtime may lessen reflux by allowing the acid secretion in the stomach to decrease and the stomach to empty partially. Elevating the head of the bed reduces the symptoms of heartburn by allowing gravity to minimize reflux of stomach contents into the esophagus. Smoking should be avoided as it decreases the lower esophageal sphincter’s ability to function properly. It also irritates and erodes the mucous lining. Stress may worsen the signs and symptoms of a peptic ulcer. Examine your life to determine the sources of your stress and do what you can to address those causes.
Yoga
Sukhasana (Easy Pose)
Bidalasana (Cat Pose)
Ardha Matsyendrasana (Half Spinal twist)
Pawanamuktasana (Wind Releasing Posture)
SUGGESTED PRODUCTS
Cidni Capsules
100 Capsules in a Carton
GIT Care
Rs. 400.00
add to cart
Cidni Syrup
200ml Bottle
GIT Care
Rs. 110.00
add to cart
It is a common cause of infertility in women with sedentary lifestyle. Women with this condition have a number of small cysts in the ovaries due to imbalance in sex hormones. The hormones which are responsible for the normal development of eggs in the ovaries are estrogen and progesterone. Androgens (also called as male hormones) are also present in women in small amounts. In PCOS, ovaries produce excess amounts of androgens, particularly testosterone. This imbalance of hormones may prevent ovulation and normal cycle of menstrual bleeding.
Symptoms
The principal signs and symptoms are related to irregular cycle of menstrual bleeding. There may be fewer menstrual periods or total absence of menstruation for more than three months. The other symptoms include are :- increased hair growth on face and other parts of the body, scalp hair loss, acne, high blood pressure, increased body weight and insulin level, infertility, dark skin marking around the armpits, groin and neck.
General Treatment
Diagnosis of PCOS is done on the basis of proper medical history, pelvic examination, pelvic ultrasound, blood tests, etc. Apart from medications and surgery, weight reduction is suggested. Treatment is also aimed at treating acne, excessive hair, restoring fertility and treatment for irregular menstrual periods. Oral contraceptive pills are advised to women who do not want to conceive and have the problem of irregular menstrual periods. Medication like clomiphene is used to induce ovulation.

Ovary drilling process is done at the time of laparoscopy. Ovaries are punctured by laser fiber or electrosurgical needle which helps in reducing the levels of male hormones.
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
Oral contraceptives
They help to regulate the menstrual cycle and reduce the cramps and pelvic pain.
Women may experience nausea, headaches, mood changes, weight changes, etc.
Clomiphene
It induces ovulation.
Stomach upset, bloating, breast tenderness, hot flushes, headache, or dizziness may occur.
Diet
Diet for PCOS should not contain simple carbohydrates like cakes, candies, pies, sodas, doughnuts, cookies, ice creams etc. These food items not only increase body weight but also make it difficult to avoid the effects of insulin resistance. These foods are also known for triggering cravings in some people. PCOS patients, who suffer from intolerable sugar cravings, should have honey and date instead. No single specific dietary approach is best, but losing weight by reducing total calorie intake can benefit the overall health of women with polycystic ovary syndrome. The more fiber in a food, the more slowly it's digested and the more slowly your blood sugar levels rise. Hence, choose complex carbohydrates, which are high in fiber. High-fiber carbohydrates include whole-grain breads and cereals, whole-wheat pasta, barley, brown rice, and beans.
Lifestyle
Women with PCOS should include exercise into their daily routine. Increasing your daily activity and participating in a regular exercise program may treat or even prevent insulin resistance and help you keep your weight under control.
It is a common cause of infertility in women with sedentary lifestyle. Women with this condition have a number of small cysts in the ovaries due to imbalance in sex hormones. The hormones which are responsible for the normal development of eggs in the ovaries are estrogen and progesterone. Androgens (also called as male hormones) are also present in women in small amounts. In PCOS, ovaries produce excess amounts of androgens, particularly testosterone. This imbalance of hormones may prevent ovulation and normal cycle of menstrual bleeding.
Symptoms
There is a feeling of rectal fullness and pain during bowel movement. The other symptoms are: - tenderness, irritation and inflammation in and around anal region, rectal bleeding and discharge of pus. There may be other associated symptoms in sexually transmitted proctitis.
General Treatment
Diagnosis is done by examining the rectum area with the help of proctoscope or sigmoidoscope. A biopsy is taken to test the tissue of the rectum. Colonoscopy or barium enema X-rays are used to examine the area of infected intestine. Blood testing is also recommended to detect the presence of antibodies.
Treatment varies depending on the cause and severity. Safe sex practices are advised to those who are engaged in high risk sexual behavior. Antibiotics are prescribed in case of any infection. Corticosteroids may relieve symptoms of proctitis in case of inflammation.
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
Antibiotics
Inhibits the growth of bacteria and fights infections.
Side effects vary depending upon the antibiotic. They could be loose motions, vomiting, allergic reactions, etc.
Corticosteroids
Helpful in Inflammatory conditions.
Long term use is associated with mood changes, excess hair growth, water retention, muscle weakness, skin thinning, etc.
SUGGESTED PRODUCT
Piloguard Capsules
100 Capsules in a Carton
GIT Care
Rs. 650.00
add to cart
It is an autoimmune skin condition that causes rapid skin cell reproduction resulting in red, dry patches of thickened skin. The skin is covered with dry, silvery scales. It is seen worldwide, in all races and both the sexes. With more severe psoriasis, individuals may have social embarrassment, mental disturbance, job stress, etc.

Skin cells grow deep in the skin and normally rise to the surface in about four weeks. In persons with psoriasis, this process is too fast (about 2 weeks) and dead skin cells build up on the skin's surface. Most often it occurs on the elbows, knees, scalp, lower back, palm, and soles of the feet. The cause of psoriasis may be a combination of genetic and environmental factors. The following may trigger an attack of psoriasis or make the symptoms more difficult to treat: - stress, smoking, drinking alcohol, skin injury, bacterial or viral infection, dry climate, use of certain drugs like antidepressant drugs, anti malarial drugs, anti hypertensive drugs, etc.
Symptoms and Typical Features
It has a variable course, periodically improving and worsening. It goes away and then flares up again repeatedly over time. The skin patches are well marginated and raised above the surface. There may be nail changes which include nail thickening, yellow brown spots and pits on the nail surface. These are referred to as “Oil Spots”. Small dry white flakes of skin when pulled causes tiny blood spot on the skin. This is a special diagnostic sign of psoriasis called “Auspitz sign”. Other symptoms are: - itchy skin, joint pain and severe dandruff.
General Treatment
The diagnosis of psoriasis is usually clinical and hence a careful skin examination is done before finalizing a particular treatment regimen. Personal history, family history, area of skin involved and severity of the symptoms are taken into account. Since psoriasis is a long term disease, therapy is also long term.

Topical therapy is the first line treatment in mild cases that involve small area of the body. Lotions, sprays, creams and shampoo are effective and safe to use. Moisturizers and petroleum jelly are also used to soothe the affected skin and reduce the skin dryness. Coal Tar, Dithranol and vitamin D3 analogues are routinely used to reduce the symptoms. Topical steroids are usually applied once or twice a day to the affected skin area. Prolonged use may cause side effects like permanent skin thinning and damage. Hence, vitamin D3 analogue is used in combination with topical steroids. It does not thin the skin like topical steroids. Coal Tar is also used which helps reduce the appearance and decrease the flakes in psoriasis. Dithranol has anti proliferative and immune suppressive action. It may be applied for 10- 30 minutes and then washed off. Coal Tar is mainly used in scalp psoriasis.

Phototherapy is used in cases that involve widespread area of the body. Phototherapy is a medical treatment in which the skin is carefully exposed to ultraviolet A or ultraviolet B light. It dramatically slows the growth of skin cells. PUVA (Psoralen plus ultraviolet A) is effective at clearing up the symptoms in severe psoriasis. Psoralen is a topical or oral drug which makes the skin more sensitive to light. Using PUVA over a long period of time increases the risk of skin cancer. Hence it should be used only in extreme cases or when other treatments have failed. Since psoralen increases the body’s sensitivity to light, its important to protect the skin at least 12 hours post treatment.

Natural sunlight is also used to treat psoriasis. But too much sun can result in sunburn and may worsen the symptoms of psoriasis. Lasers are the newest tools used in phototherapy. Their advantage is that they affect only psoriatic skin and the potential risk of developing a skin cancer is also lower.

In very severe cases, treatment with oral or intravenous drugs is given to suppress the body’s immune reaction. These include methotrexate, cyclosporine, acitretin, retinoids, etc. These drugs have serious side effects and should be taken under strict medical supervision,
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
Topical Steroids
Reduces the inflammation related to auto immunity.
Prolonged use may cause side effects like permanent skin thinning and damage.
Coal Tar
Coal Tar makes psoriasis plaques thinner and less red.
Coal Tar therapies are messy and time consuming.
PUVA (Psoralen plus ultraviolet A)
Useful in cases that involve widespread area of the body.
Using PUVA over a long period of time increases the risk of skin cancer.
Lasers
They affect only psoriatic skin and the potential risk of developing a skin cancer is also lower.
_
Diet
If you suffer from psoriasis, it may be helpful to maintain a diary and record what causes your flares. While the connection between psoriasis and diet is not certain, avoid triggers such as smoking, alcohol, and food items that cause allergies. A healthy psoriasis diet includes fresh vegetables and fruits, whole grains, fiber rich food, poultry, and seafood. Although there is no particular psoriasis diet plan, it is possible to reduce psoriasis, by drinking a lot of water throughout the day.
Lifestyle
Psoriasis responds well to sunlight. The affected parts should be frequently exposed to the sun. The patient should undertake plenty of regular exercise in fresh air, especially exposing the affected parts and deep breathing exercises. He should avoid all nervous tensions and should have adequate rest.
Yoga
Padmasana (Lotus Pose)
Ekpaduttanasana (One Leg Raised Pose)
Shavasana (Corpse Pose)
SUGGESTED PRODUCTS
SORIUS GEL
50 gm Jar
Skin Care
Rs. 110.00
add to cart
Hemac Capsules
10*10 Capsules in a Carton
Women Care
Rs. 480.00
add to cart
Hemac Syrup
200ml Bottle
Women Care
Rs. 95.00
add to cart
It is an auto immune disease that mainly causes chronic inflammation of the joints and surrounding tissue. It may also affect other organs of the body. In autoimmune diseases, the immune system mistakenly attacks the body’s own healthy tissue. It is a progressive illness that has the potential to cause joint destruction and functional disability. The pathological changes are mainly seen in the synovium which lines the joint space. The synovium acts as a gatekeeper and determines what passes into the joint space and what stays outside. It also lubricates the joints with the help of synovial fluid. There is an increase in the number of the cells of the synovial lining. This results in the synovium becoming thick and swollen. There is release of certain substances which are responsible for initiating the inflammatory process. Ultimately this leads to the destruction of bone and cartilage.
Symptoms
The attack of rheumatoid arthritis lasts for weeks or months with relatively symptom free periods in between. It usually tends to appear in similar areas on both sides of the body. Wrists, fingers, ankles, feet and knees are the most commonly parts affected. Muscle and joint stiffness are most commonly found in morning. Joints frequently become red, swollen, painful and tender. Small joints of hands, feet and wrists are often involved in the initial stage. Other symptoms include fatigue, loss of energy, low grade fever, lack of appetite, etc. As time passes, bones lose the density and become more susceptible to fracture.
General Treatment
The diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis is based on the combination of the joints involved, characteristic morning symptoms, presence of rheumatoid factor and anti citrullinated protein antibodies in the blood. Another antibody called the anti nuclear antibody (ANA) is also frequently found in such individuals. Joint X-ray may show bony erosions and are helpful in monitoring the progression of the disease.

There is no known cure for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Different types of treatments can only alleviate the symptoms or modify the disease process. The treatment usually includes drug therapy, physical therapy, exercise and surgery. Two classes of drugs are usually prescribed:-

Anti- inflammatory medications- These include aspirin and non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen. These are used to reduce pain and inflammation. These are mostly taken with food or in combination with other medications to prevent the occurrence of peptic ulcers.

Disease modifying anti rheumatic drugs- Methotrexate, leflunomide, hydroxychloroquine, sulfasalazine, etc are used to prevent progressive joint destruction and promote disease remission.

Corticosteroid medications can be given orally or injected directly into the tissue or joint. They are more potent and quicker in reducing pain, swelling and inflammation. They should not be used for long term because of their inherent side effects. Thinning of the bones due to osteoporosis may be prevented by calcium and vitamin D supplements. Proper, regular exercise is important in maintaining joint flexibility. Splinting supports for wrist and finger can be used which help in maintaining joint alignment. Surgery may be suggested in severe cases whereby a destroyed joint is replaced with artificial materials.
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
NSAIDS
These are used to reduce pain and inflammation.
May increase the risk of bleeding, ulcer formation and perforation of the stomach or intestines.
Corticosteroids
They are more potent and quicker in reducing pain, swelling and inflammation.
Long term use is associated with mood changes, excess hair growth, water retention, muscle weakness, skin thinning, etc.
DMARDS
They act on the immune system to slow the progression of rheumatoid arthritis.
Methotrexate (can be toxic to liver), Leflunomide (diarrhea).
Lifestyle
It is important to maintain a balance between rest (which will reduce inflammation) and moderate exercise (which will relieve stiffness and weakness). Splinting supports for wrist and finger can be used which help in maintaining joint alignment. Initially exercise should include stretching and tensing of the joints without movement. Aerobic exercises like walking, dancing, or swimming, particularly in heated pools should be tried later on.
Yoga
Gomukhasana (Cow Face Pose)
Trikonasana (Triangle Posture)
Virasana (Hero Posture)
Vrikshasana (Tree Posture)
SUGGESTED PRODUCTS
Flex Imac Capsules
100 Capsules in a Carton.
Bone & Joint Care
Rs. 445.00
add to cart
Flex Imac Forte Capsules
50 Capsules in a Carton
Bone & Joint Care
Rs. 400.00
add to cart
Flex Imac Gel
50 gm
Bone & Joint Care
Rs. 110.00
add to cart
Flex-Imac Oil
50 ml
Bone & Joint Care
Rs. 80.00
add to cart
Sciatica refers to pain in the lower extremity resulting from compression or irritation of sciatic nerve. Sciatic nerve is the largest nerve in the body and begins from the nerve roots in the lumbar part of the spinal column. It extends through the buttock area to send nerve endings down to the legs. Some of the causes of sciatica include: - Lumbar disc herniation, lumbar spinal stenosis, advanced osteoarthritis of the spine, pregnancy, muscle strain, etc. Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the spaces in the spinal cord that causes compression of the nerve roots. Rarely a spinal tumor presses upon the nerve root and cause sciatica. Sitting in awkward position for long periods of time can also cause compression of sciatic nerve.
Symptoms
Sciatica pain varies widely. There may be numbness, burning sensation or mild tingling radiating from the lower back to the back of the thigh. In other cases, the pain is severe enough to make a person unable to move. There may be difficulty in lifting the foot due to muscle weakness and hence the individual may be unable to stand upright.
General Treatment
Sciatica is a set of symptoms rather than a final diagnosis. The treatment for sciatica will often be different, depending upon the underlying cause of the symptoms. X-Ray, CT scan or MRI is suggested to explore the exact cause of sciatica. Conservative treatment like applying heat and or ice packs and stretching exercises helps alleviate the leg pain. Other treatment options include medications to relieve pain and inflammation. Epidural steroid injection is directly injected to the painful area to reduce the inflammation. Surgery procedures are sometimes advised for persisting sciatica.
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
NSAIDS
These are used to reduce pain and inflammation.
May increase the risk of bleeding, ulcer formation and perforation of the stomach or intestines.
Steroid Injections
They are more potent and quicker in reducing pain, swelling and inflammation.
It may cause a brief period of pain worse than before or an infection.
Diet
Pain of sciatica is compounded with constipation. Hence all kinds of foods that can aggravate indigestion and constipation must be avoided. Green leafy vegetables should be incorporated in the diet. These improve digestion and provide roughage for the movement of bowels. Heavy meals must be avoided as they take longer to digest and exert undue pressure on the lower back region.
Lifestyle
Initially, cold packs may be used to reduce inflammation and relieve discomfort. Wrap an ice pack or a package of frozen peas in a clean towel and apply to the painful areas for up to 20 minutes at least several times a day. After two to three days, apply heat to the areas that hurt. Use hot packs, a heat lamp or a heating pad on the lowest setting. If you continue to have pain, try alternating warm and cold packs. Stretching exercises for lower back may help relieve nerve root compression.
Yoga
Sukhasana (Easy Pose)
Garudasana (Eagle Pose)
Padmasana (Lotus Pose)
Tadasana (Mountain Pose)
SUGGESTED PRODUCTS
Flex Imac Capsules
100 Capsules in a Carton.
Bone & Joint Care
Rs. 445.00
add to cart
Flex Imac Forte Capsules
50 Capsules in a Carton
Bone & Joint Care
Rs. 400.00
add to cart
Flex Imac Gel
50 gm
Bone & Joint Care
Rs. 110.00
add to cart
Flex-Imac Oil
50 ml
Bone & Joint Care
Rs. 80.00
add to cart
It is a contagious bacterial infection that mainly involves the lungs, but may also spread to other organs. It is usually caused by Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. It is spread through air when people who have an active mycobacterium tuberculosis infection coughs, spits or sneeze. Although many people are infected with the bacterium, only a small proportion of people develop Tuberculosis. When the bacteria are inhaled, an initial infection develops in the lungs. The outcome of this infection will depend on the immunity and health of the person. If the immunity is strong, the infection does not progress further. However, some tuberculosis bacteria lie dormant in the lungs for months or years. This is referred to as latent tuberculosis. Patients with latent tuberculosis cannot spread the infection to others. When the immunity is weak, these bacteria are reactivated and result in the development of tuberculosis. This is called active tuberculosis. Patients with active tuberculosis have all the symptoms of tuberculosis. Individuals taking immuno suppressant drugs, doing stressful work, having low body weight, suffering from diabetes and living in crowded places are more susceptible for developing Tuberculosis.
Symptoms
The symptoms in the initial stage usually include: -dry cough, fatigue, evening fever, weight loss, etc. As the disease progresses, the other symptoms found are: - blood in cough, enlarged or tender lymph nodes in the neck, breathing difficulty, chest pain, etc. People with advanced disease may show signs of finger clubbing. If left untreated, tuberculosis then spreads to other parts of the body. The infection may spread through the bloodstream to the brain, bones, gastrointestinal tract, etc.
General Treatment
Tuberculosis is a treatable disease. It can be diagnosed with the help of physical examination, chest X-Ray, sputum test and skin test. Sputum test may show the presence of bacteria. Mantoux tuberculin skin test is used for routine screening of high risk individuals. However, the Tuberculosis skin test cannot determine whether the disease is active or not. Treatment of active Tuberculosis will generally involve a combination of four drugs. The most commonly used drugs are isoniazid, rifampin, pyrazinamide, ethambutol, amikacin, etc. These should generally be taken for a period of 6 months. When the medicines are not taken as suggested, the infection becomes much more difficult for treatment. The tuberculosis bacteria then become resistant to treatment. When the patient does not adhere to the treatment plan, doctor may require watching the patient take the prescribed drugs. This is called DOTS (direct observed treatment short course) strategy for tuberculosis treatment.
Bacille Calmette Guerin (BCG) is a vaccine which offers protection from developing active tuberculosis, especially in infants and children.
Repeat chest X-ray and blood tests are done to make sure that the individual is responding to the treatment.
General Therapy
Benefits
Side-Effects
Isoniazid
It prevents tuberculosis bacteria from multiplying in the body.
It may cause allergic reaction, abdominal pain, unusual weakness, numbness, etc.
Rifampin
It is used to treat or prevent tuberculosis.
It may cause stomach upset, nausea, headache, drowsiness, etc. It may also cause liver disease.
Pyrazinamide
It limits the growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
The most dangerous side effect is hepatotoxicity.
Home Remedies
Custard apple is considered as one of the most precious remedies for tuberculosis. The pulp of two custard apples and twenty-five seedless raisins should be simmered in water on a slow fire. When about one-third of the water is left, it should be filtered, and then mixed with two teaspoons of crushed sugar candy, and a quarter teaspoon each of the powder of cardamom and cinnamon.
Diet
The diet for tuberculosis is very important as most people experience malnutrition. Consume a variety of fruits and vegetables such as starchy vegetables, citrus fruits, dark green leafy vegetables and legumes. The diet for tuberculosis patients must also incorporate whole grains. This helps to maintain weight and also builds immunity against further illness. Milk and dairy products must also be part of the diet. A vegetarian diet pattern is preferred, as non vegetarian food is difficult to digest. A diet rich in vegetables and fresh fruits are helpful. Oily and spicy food must also be avoided. Consumption of alcohol must be completely avoided during tuberculosis as it could lead to worsening of the condition.
Lifestyle
In addition to proper diet, the individual must also get adequate rest so that the immune system can recover and function well. When affected with tuberculosis, it is advisable to stay at home. The patient should completely rest his mind and body. Fresh air is always important in curing the disease, and the patient should spend most of the time in the open air and sleep in a well-ventilated room. Exposure to sunshine is essential as tubercle bacilli are killed rapidly by sun's rays.
Yoga
Sarvangasana (Shoulder Stand Pose)
Matsyasana (Fish Pose)
Halasana (Plough Pose)
Shavasana (Corpse Pose)
SUGGESTED PRODUCTS
Zimvit Syrup
200ml Bottle
General Care
Rs. 115.00
add to cart
Fasto Powder
200 gms bottle (Fasto)
General Care
Rs. 350.00
add to cart
Hemac Capsules
10*10 Capsules in a Carton
Women Care
Rs. 480.00
add to cart
Hemac Syrup
200ml Bottle
Women Care
Rs. 95.00
add to cart